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Click the arrow to the right of each letter to expand a list of terms that begin with the corresponding letter.

  • A

    Accommodate. To make room for or provisions for something that is specifically intended to occur.

    Action (Community Action Guide). Suggested, measurable step to be taken to implement an Action Statement. Actions are found in the Action Plan of a Community Action Guide, along with potential leaders for each step and a timeline of when it should occur in the process.  In the context of the Community Action Guide, the activity is typically to be undertaken by a member(s) of the community, although some activity by a broader public entity (such as the County) may also be involved.

    Action (Implementation Plan). A specific, measurable step that needs to be taken to meet stated objectives. An action is not mere compliance with the law or a commonly adopted or accepted practice or protocol. An action is short in duration and is meant to be updated and replaced once action has been taken. In the context of the County Implementation Plan, the activity is typically to be undertaken by the County or another public entity.

    Action Plan (Community Action Guide). A set of focus statements, action statements, and actions (detailed or suggested outline), intended for community members and stakeholders to use in improving their community.

    Action Statement (Community Action Guide). Measurable statements providing critical information on a program, initiative or project to complete.

    Advocate. To openly support and promote an action, objective, or goal; also to speak on behalf of an individual or group.

    Adaptive reuse. A method by which a building is adapted/modified to a different use from its original use, while its general physical form is retained. See also historic rehabilitation for historical buildings.

    Agency. A governmental entity, department, office, or administrative unit responsible for carrying out regulations.

    Agriculture. Use of land for the production of food and fiber, including the growing of crops and/or the grazing of animals on natural prime or improved pasture land.

    Agricultural preserve. An agricultural preserve defines the boundary of an area within which a local government will enter into contracts with land owners. Only land located within an agricultural preserve is eligible for a Williamson Act contract. Preserves are regulated by rules and restrictions designated in the resolution to ensure that the land within the preserve is maintained for agricultural or open space use. See also Williamson Act.

    Allow. To be open to something occurring but without any particular effort to make it happen.

    Always. The action will apply to future decisions without exception.

    Annexation. The means by which an incorporated city or town extends its corporate boundaries. Annexation of unincorporated land into an incorporated city or town is initiated by a petition of affected land owners or registered voters, or by resolution from the incorporated city or town. The process of annexation is overseen by the Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO).

    Analyze. To methodically examine the desirability or feasibility of something, with a view toward letting the evidence determine the appropriate level of commitment.

    Aspirations statement (Community Action Guide). A written narrative illustrating the community’s desired look and function once the Community Focus Statements and Action Statements are fully implemented. This is a long term view of 10 to 20 years. The Aspirations Statement serves as a foundation for developing Community Focus Statements and Action Statements.

    Aspire. To direct one’s ambitions toward achieving something.

    Augment. To add to something that is already in place to make it more desirable, functional, or beneficial.

    Automatic aid. Automatic aid is assistance that is dispatched automatically by a contractual agreement between two emergency service departments, communities, or districts when an emergency occurs. It differs from mutual aid, which is arranged on an as-needed and requested basis.

    Avoid. To not enable something that will lead to an undesirable outcome.

  • B

    Bicycle facilities. On- and off-street spaces delineated for safe use by bicycles, designated in one of four classes:

    • Class I (shared use or bike path). A bikeway physically separated from any street or highway. Shared Use Paths may also be used by pedestrians, skaters, wheelchair users, joggers, and other non-motorized users.
    • Class II (bike lane). A portion of roadway that has been designated by striping, signaling, and pavement markings for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists.
    • Class III (bike route). A generic term for any road, street, path, or way that in some manner is specifically designated for bicycle travel regardless of whether such facilities are designated for the exclusive use of bicycles, or are to be shared with other transportation modes.
    • Class IV (separated bikeway). A bikeway for the exclusive use of bicycles and includes a required separation between the bikeway and the through vehicular traffic. The separation may include, but is not limited to, grade separation, flexible posts, inflexible posts, inflexible barriers, or on-street parking.

    Buffer / buffer zone. An area of land, structure, feature, or design treatment separating two uses that acts to soften or mitigate the effects of one use on the other.

  • C

    California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). A state law (California Public Resources Code Section 21000 et seq.), requiring state and local agencies to regulate activities with consideration for environmental protection. If a proposed activity has the potential for a significant adverse environmental impact, an environmental impact report (EIR) must be prepared and certified as to its adequacy before taking action on the proposed project.

    California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC). The governor-appointed nine-member commission charged with identifying and cataloging places of special religious or social significance to Native Americans and known graves and cemeteries of Native Americans on private lands. The NAHC also performs other duties regarding the preservation and accessibility of sacred sites and burials and the disposition of Native American human remains and burial items.

    Capital Improvements Program (CIP). A program, administered by a city or county government that schedules permanent improvements, usually for a minimum of five years in the future, to fit the projected fiscal capability of the local jurisdiction. The CIP is generally reviewed annually for conformance to and consistency with the Policy Plan.

    Capacity. The ability to provide a service or fulfill an obligation in the desired manner or at a desired level of service.

    Cluster. Residential development in which a number of dwelling units are placed in closer proximity than usual, or are attached.

    Collaborate. To intentionally, willingly work together toward a common objective or goal.

    Community action guide. A set of potential actions community members (within a specific community planning area or CPA) can take to remain and become the type of community that current and future residents desire. The guides include action plans that place a focus on self-reliance, grass-roots action, and implementation, allowing the community to take the lead in moving actions forward.

    Furthermore, the guides frame these potential actions in a set of community-driven values and aspirations generated based on public input from community members and stakeholders. While some actions will require coordination with, approval from, or assistance by the County, many others can be undertaken without County involvement. The guides may also be augmented by a set of generalized actions presented in a Community Development Toolkit.

    Community assets. Public libraries, public museums, arts and cultural facilities, community/senior centers, and similar facilities open to and for the benefit of the public.

    Community character / community identity. The history, culture(s), natural features, and human-built features that a community’s residents value and wish to celebrate and maintain. Community character can also be defined as the sum of attributes and assets that make a community unique and establish a sense of place for its residents.  Some attributes and assets are tangible, like a unique main street area, while others are intangible, like a general sense of tranquility associated with the natural environment.

    Community facilities district (CFD).  A special funding and financing mechanism that is formed when the property owners in a geographic area agree to impose a special property tax on the land to fund public improvements and services. Based on future tax revenue, CFDs (aka Mello-Roos) seek public financing through bonds. A Mello-Roos tax must be approved by 2/3 of the voters in a proposed district.

    Community planning area (CPA).  A planning area identified by the County of San Bernardino as an area where policies, standards, and guidelines may vary, based on local context and community character. A CPA is also used to define the boundaries for community action guides.  See also Community Planning Continuum and the types of CPAs.

    Community Planning Continuum (CPC). The CPC is a system of community planning activities and documents intended to guide local expectations for County services and set a clear direction for the future of unincorporated communities. The CPC is implemented by both County government (Policy Plan and Implementation Plan) and community residents and stakeholders (Community Action Guide and Community Development Toolkit). The resulting plans, guides, maps, and tools are web-based, living documents that will be updated periodically to reflect progress and change. The CPC includes a hierarchy of community planning areas (CPAs) that will ensure that planning details, tools, and resources match the conditions and needs of each community:

    • Detailed CPAs. Includes communities that contain, or have the potential for, a variety of housing opportunities and supporting uses, such as commercial and industrial businesses, schools, a library, parks and recreation facilities, and religious and civic organizations.
    • Framework CPAs. Includes communities that are primarily characterized by single-family residential properties and a limited number of supporting uses, such as a school, post office, and commercial businesses.
    • Foundation CPAs. Includes communities that are primarily characterized by single-family residential properties. Residents of these communities typically drive to nearby towns or cities for employment, shopping, entertainment, education, and recreation opportunities.
    • Fundamental CPAs. Includes communities that are primarily characterized by open space or agriculture with a scattering of residential homes and/or highway commercial uses, or an area where growth is constrained by adjacent land ownership, such as federal lands and state lands.

    Community services district (CSD). A special funding and financing mechanism that is formed as an independent, self-governed entity that can provide locally adequate levels of public facilities and services, an effective form of governance for combining two or more special districts that serve overlapping or adjacent territory into a multifunction special district, a form of governance that can serve as an alternative to the incorporation of a new city, and a transitional form of governance as the community approaches cityhood.

    Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP). A plan developed in the collaborative framework established by the Wildland Fire Leadership Council and agreed to by state, tribal, and local government, local fire department, other stakeholders, and federal land management agencies managing land in the vicinity of the planning area. A CWPP identifies and prioritizes areas for hazardous fuel reduction treatments and recommends the types and methods of treatment on Federal and non-Federal land that will protect one or more at-risk communities and essential infrastructure and recommends measures to reduce structural ignitability throughout the at-risk community. A CWPP may address issues such as wildfire response, hazard mitigation, community preparedness, or structure protection.

    Compatible. In relation to use, the ability for two or more uses to coexist without conflict, with minimal conflict that can be mitigated, or in a beneficial manner. When used in relation to a structure, indicates that the structure is built so that its appearance is similar to that of the principal unit to which the structure is accessory or to the general character of the neighborhood or community with regards to color, materials, construction, lighting, signs, or the emission of sounds, noises and vibrations.  See also incompatible.

    Complete streets network. A system of on- and off-street facilities (e.g., sidewalks, bike lanes, and trails), that enable all users of all ages and abilities to navigate within or through a community area, with an emphasis on mobility focus areas. The system can consist of one or more facility type based on the intended users and access requirements. Individual facilities may overlap or not, serve all or just some users, and be contiguous or disconnected. Complete streets facilities and improvements are subject to physical constraints presented by the local context and financial feasibility limitations.

    Comply with. To follow specified existing ordinances, regulations or procedures.

    Complement / complementary. Combining or coexisting (e.g., two buildings or land uses) in such a way as to enhance or emphasize the qualities of each other.

    Concurrent. Services, facilities, activities or other things that are provided or are occurring at the same time as something else.

    Consider. To remain open to and evaluate a range of possible actions or outcomes as part of a decision.

    Consistent. To be or act in harmony or aligned with something; see also inconsistent.

    Consolidate. To bring together aspects, features, or components of a system or locale that can serve better in a consolidated form, compared to existing or provided separately.

    Construct. To build something: buildings, roads, channels, etc.

    Context. Local or regional environmental, social, and economic conditions.

    Context-sensitive. An approach, design, standard, or practice that is sensitive to and varies according to the local or regional environmental, social, and economic conditions.

    Contiguous land administration. Parcels that share a border and are under the ownership or administrative authority of a single entity, enabling more effective and efficient use, preservation, and/or management of the land and its resources and relationship to surrounding lands and resources.

    Continue. To maintain and/or resume an action.

    Cooperate. To work in a positive effort with another entity toward a mutually beneficial end.  Such work may take the form of direct action, passive support, or even inaction.

    Coordinate. To work in a positive effort with another entity in the process of conducting individual actions or initiatives that relate to each other and that can benefit from concurrent or cooperative activity.

    County service area (CSA). Separate legal entities authorized by California laws and formed by the County Board of Supervisors to fund the County’s provision of services, capital improvements and financial flexibility. They are formed and tailored to meet the specific needs of an area so that the property owners only pay for the services they that they want. Some of the unincorporated areas within San Bernardino County are exclusively serviced by these CSAs. CSA’s in the County are generalized characterized by small and remote service areas with primary customers being single family residential parcels.

    Critical and essential facilities. Public safety and services sites, structures and institutions that, if negatively impacted by an emergency, could exacerbate the problem, reduce a (generally public) entity’s ability to respond, or present a significant secondary problem or a problem greater than the original emergency.

    Cultural humility. An approach to public service (particularly medical and social services), where the professional service provider embraces a lifelong commitment to self-evaluation and lifelong learning about the cultures of their clients, working to learn with and from their clients to better serve individuals and defined populations.

  • D

    Dedicate. To offer or set aside for a specific program, action, or use; when in the context of land dedication, the land is generally set aside for public ownership, use, and/or operation or maintenance.

    Density (dwelling units per acre or du/ac). The number of residential units allowed per acre for a given area of the unincorporated county based on the Policy Plan land use category. The permitted Policy Plan density guides the maximum density for corresponding zoning designations as described in the Development Code and applied to a specific property.

    Design. To conceive in advance the size, shape, qualities, appearance, open space and other attributes of a proposed development, building and related improvements, generally rendered in graphic forms that communicate the anticipated outcome.

    Determine. To calculate in advance the nature or outcome of an anticipated action, situation, or proposal.

    Development Code. Title 8 of the San Bernardino County Code, intended to implement the County Policy Plan by classifying and regulating the uses of land and structures within unincorporated San Bernardino County; by preserving and protecting the County’s important agricultural, cultural, natural, open space and scenic resources; and by protecting and promoting the public health, safety, comfort, convenience, prosperity, and general welfare of residents and businesses in the County.

    Discourage. To openly deter (or attempt to deter) an individual, group, or organization from doing something.

    Discretionary. An action taken by a governmental agency that calls for the exercise of judgment in deciding whether to approve and/or how to carry out a project.

    Dwelling Unit. A room or group of rooms (including sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation facilities, but not more than one kitchen), which constitutes an independent housekeeping unit, occupied or intended for occupancy by one household on a long term basis.

  • E

    Earthquake fault zone / Alquist Priolo (AP) earthquake fault zone. Earthquake fault zones are regulatory zones around active faults. On the Earthquake Fault Zone Maps, the zones are shown as polygons that encompass mapped fault traces. The zones vary in width, but average about one-quarter mile wide.

    Economic development service providers. State, federal, utility, education, and not-for-profit organization partners that help fund economic development activities; and public, private, and not-for-profit organizations that provide assistance to businesses such as small business development centers.

    Economic value (mining). A mineral resource has economic value if it is financially feasible to extract and sell the mineral resource in the current market.

    Encourage. To promote, support, or champion a concept or action; such support may be in terms of political support and coordination, staff resources, and/or financial resources.

    Enhance. To improve existing conditions in quality, value, or characteristic.

    Environmental Justice Focus Area. See focus area.

    Equitable. A condition or treatment that is fair and impartial.

    Establish. To bring something into being that does not currently exist.

    Explore. To search for or examine the nature of a possibility before a commitment is made.  Similar to analyze.

    Expand. To increase in detail, extent, number, volume, or scope.

  • F

    Facilitate. To make an action or process easier or to help bring about.

    Fair share. An allocation of resources, costs, or fees considered equitable and proportional to the needs, impacts, or activity of an existing or proposed project.

    Farmland, Important. Refers to four of the eight classifications of land mapped by the California Department of Conservation.

    • Prime farmland. Land other has the best good combination of physical and chemical characteristics for the production of crops. It must have been used for the production of irrigated crops within the four years prior to the Important Farmland Map date produced by the State Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program.
    • Farmland of statewide importance. Land other than prime farmland that has a good combination of physical and chemical characteristics for the production of crops. It must have been used for the production of irrigated crops within the four years prior to the Important Farmland Map date produced by the State Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program.
    • Unique farmland. Land that does not meet the criteria for prime farmland or farmland of statewide Importance, that has been used for the production of specific high economic value crops at some time during the two update cycles prior to the Important Farmland Map date produced by the State Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program. It has the special combination of soil quality, location, growing season, and moisture supply needed to produce sustained high quality and/or high yields of a specific crop when treated and managed according to current farming methods.
    • Farmland of local importance. Farmlands that include areas of soils that meet all the characteristics of prime, statewide, or unique and which are not irrigated. It also includes farmlands not covered by above categories but of high economic importance to the community.

    Fault / active fault. A fracture in the crust of the earth along which rocks on one side have moved relative to those on the other side. Most faults are the result of repeated displacements over a long period of time. A fault trace is the line on the earth’s surface defining the fault. For the purposes of the Alquist Priolo Earthquake Fault Zoning Act, an active fault is one that has ruptured in the last 11,000 years. See earthquake fault zone.

    Feasible. Capable of being done, executed, or managed successfully taking into consideration social, physical, environmental, and/or economic factors.

    Feasible, technically. Capable of being implemented because the industrial, mechanical, or application technology exists.

    Feature. A noticeable or important characteristic, attribute, or aspect of something.

    Fire hazard severity zone. A designated area in which the type and condition of vegetation, topography, fire history, and other relevant factors demonstrate an increased possibility of uncontrollable wildland fire. As part of CAL FIRE’s responsibilities, it assigns fire severity—moderate, high, and very high—to areas in California for fire planning and suppression purposes.

    Fire responsibility areas. California’s wildlands have been divided into three zones or responsibility areas, depending on the agency with primary financial responsibility for addressing the prevention, suppression, and postfire recovery of fire. These include local responsibility area (LRA), state responsibility area (SRA), and federal responsibility area (FRA).

    • Local responsibility areas (LRAs). The areas of California where local jurisdictions (e.g., county or city/town fire departments, fire protection districts, and by CAL FIRE under contract to local government) are responsible for the prevention and suppression of wildfires.
    • State Responsibility Areas (SRAs). The areas of California where the State of California is financially responsible for the prevention and suppression of wildfires. SRA does not include lands within incorporated city/town boundaries or in federal ownership.
    • Federal Responsibility Areas (FRAs). The areas of California where the federal government has the primary financial responsibility for preventing and suppressing fires. These lands are generally protected by a variety of federal agencies.

    Finding(s). The result(s) of an investigation and the basis upon which decisions are made. Findings are used by government agents and bodies to justify action taken or a decision made by the entity.

    Fiscal sustainability. The County’s capacity to operate and maintain public facilities and to provide public services with a reasonable level of service using the revenue generated for the service or facility or revenue generated by the users or beneficiaries of the service or facility. Fiscal sustainability exists when the County has the financial capacity to operate and maintain public facilities and to provide public services in the short term and over the long term.

    Determination of the fiscal impacts of a project, program, policy, or other decision must account for:

    • Initial capital investments and startup costs;
    • Ongoing operations and maintenance over the long term;
    • Reasonable levels of service and expected or desired levels of service over the long-term;
    • Set-aside capital reserves for replacement, maintenance, and upgrades; and
    • Impacts to existing uses in incorporated and unincorporated areas, which may have secondary fiscal impacts.

    Fiscal or financial resiliency is related to fiscal sustainability and refers to the County’s capacity to continue providing reasonable levels of service for the operations and maintenance of public facilities and for the provision of public services during periods of economic and financial stress and during emergencies. Fiscal resiliency is typically achieved by minimizing the use of debt, maintaining adequate dedicated reserves, maintaining an appropriate level of unrestricted fund balance, long-term financial planning, disaster planning, and comprehensive risk management.

    Flood. Refers to the rising and overflowing of a body of water onto normally dry land that is often caused by storm events or breaches of flood control infrastructure. While there are many different types of flooding that are recognized for communities, the three common types of flooding in the county are alluvial fan, riverine, and urban flood:

    • Alluvial flood. Alluvial flooding occurs on the surface of an alluvial fan or similar landform that originates at the apex, and is characterized by high-velocity flows, active erosion, sediment transport, and deposition; and unpredictable flow paths. Alluvial fan flooding is depicted on a Flood Insurance Rate Map as Zone AO, with a flood depth and velocity.
    • Riverine flood. Riverine flooding occurs when excessive rainfall or heavy snow melt causes water to rise and overflow the edges of a river, bank, or channel. Flash flooding, a type of riverine flood, is characterized by an intense, high velocity torrent of water, often accompanied by debris, which occurs in a river channel with little to no warning.
    • Urban flooding. Urban flooding is caused when heavy rainfall creates a flood independent of an overflowing water body, such as when intense rain overwhelms the capacity of an urban drainage system. An urban flood is more common in areas that lack or have undersized drainage systems.

    Flood zone / flood hazard area. The Policy Plan displays and/or refers to the following simplified categories on flood hazard maps and in policies:

    • FEMA 100-year flood zone. An area mapped on a flood insurance rate map (FIRM) where a storm with a 1 percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year can cause flood conditions. FIRMs are mapped under the Federal Agency Management Agency’s (FEMA) National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
    • DWR 100-year flood zone. An area mapped by the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) that identify 100-year flood hazard areas using approximate assessment procedures. These floodplains are identified simply as flood prone areas without specific depths and other flood hazard data; they are not FEMA regulatory floodplain maps. The state conducts an Awareness Floodplain Mapping project to identify all pertinent flood hazard areas for areas that are not mapped under FEMA’s NFIP, and to provide the community and residents an additional tool in understanding potential flood hazards currently not mapped as a regulated floodplain.
    • FEMA 200-year flood zone. An area mapped (currently in limited areas) by DWR where a storm with a 0.5 percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year can cause flood conditions
    • FEMA 500-year flood zone. An area mapped on a FIRM where a storm with a 0.2 percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year can cause flood conditions. FIRMs are mapped under FEMA’s NFIP.

    Flood insurance rate map (FIRM). The official map on which FEMA has delineated both the areas of special flood hazards and the risk premium zones applicable to the community. Flood hazard areas identified on the FIRM are identified as a special flood hazard area (SFHA). SFHAs are defined as the area that will be inundated by the flood event having a 1-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year. The 1-percent annual chance flood is also referred to as the base flood or 100-year flood. SFHAs are labeled as Zone A, Zone AO, Zone AH, Zones A1-A30, Zone AE, Zone A99, Zone AR, Zone AR/AE, Zone AR/AO, Zone AR/A1-A30, Zone AR/A, Zone V, Zone VE, and Zones V1-V30.

    Moderate flood hazard areas, labeled Zone B or Zone X (shaded) are also shown on the FIRM, and are the areas between the limits of the base flood and the 0.2-percent-annual-chance (or 500-year) flood. The areas of minimal flood hazard, which are the areas outside the SFHA and higher than the elevation of the 0.2-percent-annual-chance flood, are labeled Zone C or Zone X (unshaded).

    While the FIRM displays the above detailed flood hazard zones, the Policy Plan displays and refers to the following simplified categories from the FIRM on Policy Plan flood hazard maps and in policies: 100-year flood hazard and 500-year flood hazard.

    Floodplain. The area, adjacent to a watercourse or other body of water, subject to recurring floods. Floodplains may change over time as a result of natural processes, the characteristics of a watershed, or the construction of bridges or channels. Floodplain can also serve as a reference to areas subject to flooding and mapped under FEMA’s NFIP.

    Floor-area-ratio (FAR). The ratio of floor area to total net parcel area. FAR restrictions are used to limit the maximum floor area allowed on a site (including all structures on the site, except as excluded by the Development Code). The maximum floor area of all structures (measured from exterior wall to exterior wall) permitted on a site (excluding carports) shall be determined by multiplying the FAR by the total net parcel area of the site: FAR x total net parcel area = maximum allowable floor area.

    Focus area. A location where the County seeks to encourage and facilitate public improvements and private investment that lead to one of the following: increased mobility, community- and/or tourist-serving shops and services, employment opportunities, or the reuse and/or intensification of industrial development. The boundary of a focus area (excluding commercial focus area/franchise-restricted and environmental justice focus areas), is intended to convey the general location, but the actual boundary may be somewhat larger or smaller as determined during implementation efforts.

    • Commercial focus area. An area where the County seeks to encourage and facilitate public improvements and private investment that lead to increased community- and/or tourist-serving shops and services.
    • Commercial focus area/franchise-restricted. A defined commercial focus area where franchise businesses are not permitted. See franchise business.
    • Employment focus area. An area where the County seeks to encourage and facilitate public improvements and private investment that lead to increased commercial, office, or industrial employment opportunities (consistent with the Policy Plan and as permitted by the adopted Land Use Categories).
    • Environmental justice focus area. An area that is disproportionately affected by environmental pollution and other hazards that can lead to negative health effects, exposure, or environmental degradation. Such areas are determined by CalEnviroScreen composite scores in the upper quartile (census tracts with composite scores ranking above the 75th percentile). The term “environmental justice focus area” is to be interpreted the same as the term “disadvantaged community” and is understood in the context of Senate Bill 1000 (2016).
    • Industrial redevelopment focus area. An area where the County seeks to encourage and facilitate public improvements and private investment that increase reuse, redevelopment, and/or intensification of industrial development (consistent with the Policy Plan and as permitted by the adopted Land Use Categories).
    • Mobility focus area. An area where the County seeks to encourage and facilitate public improvements and private investment that lead to increased non-motorized accessibility and public safety. Mobility focus areas have a core with a high concentration (typically along corridors and/or at nodes), of two or more of the following: pedestrians; bicyclists; transit; retail, service, and office businesses; or medium density residential or higher.

    Focus statement (Community Action Guide). General direction towards realizing a community’s aspirations; a focus statement also helps to organize the Action Plan.

    Food insecurity. The state of being without reliable access to sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food.

    Franchise business. All businesses in the retail trade, accommodation and food services, and other services as defined in the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), that have 11 or more establishments worldwide under the same trademark, service mark, or company brand name, regardless of ownership. Such establishments maintain two or more of the following features: a standardized array of merchandise, a standardized facade, a standardized decor and color scheme, uniform apparel, standardized signage, a trademark or a service mark. See commercial focus area/franchise-restricted.

    Fugitive dust. Small solid particles or liquid droplets (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 micrometers or less or PM10), that come primarily from the earth’s soil and are suspended in the air by wind action and human activities.

    Fund. To make money available for a prescribed purpose; may be a one-time, periodic, or ongoing commitment.

    Funding and financing mechanism. A legislatively authorized public revenue tool covering a distinct geographical area in which revenues may be generated by properties to fund various public facilities and services.  Many of these mechanisms also allow for the issuance of debt.  Examples of funding and financing mechanisms can include: assessment district, contractual assessment district, business improvement district, community facility district, community services district, multifamily housing district, lighting and landscaping maintenance district, parking district, community revitalization and investment authority, and enhanced infrastructure finance district.

    The use of funding and financing mechanisms must be complemented with the establishment, collection, and use of development impact fees.

    The term funding and financing mechanism does not include the use of county service areas as these divert property tax revenues that would otherwise go to the County General Fund. The term also does not include the use of home/property owners’ associations.

  • G

    Grazing land. Land on which the existing vegetation, whether grown naturally or through management, is suitable for grazing or browsing of livestock. This classification does not include land otherwise designated as prime farmland, farmland of statewide importance, unique farmland, or farmland of local importance; or heavily brushed, timbered, excessively steep, or rocky lands that restrict the access and movement of livestock.

    Greenhouse gas (GHG). Any gas that absorbs infrared radiation in the atmosphere. State law identifies seven greenhouse gases for which the California Air Resources Board is responsible to monitor and regulate in order to reduce GHG emissions: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3).

    Goal. A statement of desired future conditions regarding a particular topic; a goal paints a picture of how something will be in the future. A goal in and of itself is not sufficient to understand its intent, extent, or context. A goal itself is kept simple, with policies, objectives, and implementation actions providing further definition.

    Greywater / graywater. Wastewater that is generated in residential buildings, excluding sewage, such as gently used water from bathroom sinks, showers, tubs, and washing machines. The wastewater generated by toilets, kitchen sinks, and dishwashers is called blackwater due to its larger organic load (fecal or organic matter).

    Groundwater. Water under the earth’s surface, often mapped as basins and confined to aquifers capable of supplying wells and springs.

    Groundwater recharge. The natural process of infiltration and percolation of rainwater from land areas or streams through permeable soils into water-holding rocks that provide underground storage in aquifers. This process can also be conducted artificially by capturing and injecting surface water or recycled water into aquifers.

  • H

    Habitat linkages. Landscape-scale open space areas that provide a natural habitat connection between at least two larger adjacent open spaces or habitat areas. Habitat linkages provide a large enough area to support, at a minimum, a natural habitat mosaic and viable populations of smaller terrestrial species and allow for gene flow through diffusion of populations over a period of generations. Habitat linkages also allow for jump dispersal for some species between neighboring habitats. Habitat linkages may be large tracts of natural open space that serve as resident species habitat or habitat linkages may serve primarily as landscape connections (i.e., for dispersal movements or travel). See also wildlife corridors.

    Harden. The use of site design and materials to make a building or site able to withstand the onset or severity of damage from an event such as a fire, earthquake, flood, or other similar event.

    Hazardous materials. Materials or wastes that either cause or contribute to an increase in mortality, serious illness, or otherwise pose a substantial treat to human or environmental health when improperly managed; see Division 10 (Definitions) of the County Development Code.

    Hazardous waste facilities. Carefully designed off-site facilities accepting hazardous wastes for storage or treatment; see Division 10 (Definitions) of the County Development Code.

    Health professional shortage area (HSPA). A geographic area, population, or facility with a shortage of primary care, dental, or mental health providers and services. The US Health Resources and Services Administration and California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development work together using public, private, and state-provided data to determine when such a shortage qualifies for designation as a HPSA.

    Historic resources. Buildings, structures, sites, or districts that are considered of particular historical and/or cultural significance. Generally, such resources are listed on a local, state, or federal register.

    Historic treatment. The memorialization, preservation, reconstruction, rehabilitation, or restoration of a historic resource.

    • Historic memorialization. Permanent recognition of an important historical resource through such means as a physical plaque or official designation.
    • Historic preservation. A treatment for a historic building or landscape that focuses on the maintenance and repair of existing historic materials and retention of a property’s form as it has evolved over time.
    • Historic reconstruction. A treatment for a historic building or landscape that re-creates vanished or non-surviving portions of a property for interpretive purposes.
    • Historic rehabilitation. A treatment for a historic building or landscape that acknowledges the need to alter or add to a historic property to meet continuing or changing uses while retaining the property’s historic character.
    • Historic restoration. A treatment for a historic building or landscape that depicts a property at a particular period of time in its history, while removing evidence of other periods.

    Holistic approach. An approach that addresses the factors that lead to a condition or behavior as well as the treatment of symptoms or enforcement of laws, in order to prevent a condition or behavior.

  • I

    Impact. Generally, the result of an action or inaction; when the term is used in the context of an environmental analysis under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), the term “impact” refers to how a proposed project may directly or indirectly effect specific environmental, infrastructure, and public service factors; a negative impact damages those environmental factors or increases burdens on selected facilities and services).

    Identify. To determine characteristics or facts without any predetermination regarding future commitments; gather information only.

    Include. To make a part of a consideration or issue under public scrutiny.

    Incompatible. To be so opposed in character as to be incapable of existing together without causing conflicts or harm upon one or all parts; conflicting; see also compatible.

    Incorporate. The same as include.

    Inconsistent. Varying to the point of conflict or contradiction; see also consistent.

    Infill development. Development that is constructed on land that has direct access to existing public services and infrastructure.

    Innovative. Methods or approaches that are new and original, often (but not always) more advanced.

    Install. To put in place at a specified time or place or in a particular sequence.

    Integrate. To blend new and existing projects or activities together in a compatible fashion.

    Intensity. For non-residential land uses (such as commercial or retail development) the amount of square footage built on a given site. Expressed typically as floor-to-area ratio (see FAR). The maximum intensity permitted in an area of the unincorporated county is determined by the Policy Plan land use category and corresponding zoning designation.

    Inundation area. A defined area downstream from any dam, basin, or impounded body or source of water (including reservoirs, large above ground water tanks, lakes, etc.) that could be flooded in the event of a sudden or complete failure of the structure. The inundation area or zone can also include levees that are breached or compromised, causing water to flood adjacent areas.

    Investigate. To examine the accuracy of information provided in support of a proposed project, process, or program.

  • J


  • K


  • L

    Land use category. Reference term for the classification of generally permitted land use type and intensity as directed by the County Policy Plan; also commonly referred to in other jurisdictions as general plan land use designations. The land use categories are implemented by land use zoning districts, which contain more specific regulations on land use and building standards.

    Land use zoning district. Reference for the classification and regulation of land use type and intensity in the County Development Code. The land use zoning districts implement the land use categories of the Policy Plan.  See also zoning.

    Land Use Map. Reference term for the Policy Plan Land Use Map showing the distribution of land use categories across the unincorporated county.

    Land Use Plan. Reference term that consists of the Policy Plan Land Use Map and tables describing the nature and intensity of development allowed in each Policy Plan land use category.

    Land Use Plan amendment. A proposed change by an applicant or the County in the land use category(ies) of a parcel or set of parcels. Such change requires approval by the County Board of Supervisors.

    Land Use Plan amendment, comprehensive. An evaluation by the County of the appropriate quantity and distribution of that land use category in the entire area (community planning area, unincorporated sphere of influence, or, when outside of such boundaries, the local context defined by the County).

    Landscape-scale conservation. A holistic approach to conservation, concerned with biodiversity and local economies, cultural heritage, agriculture, eco-tourism, geodiversity and the health and social benefits of the environment. Landscape-scale conservation contrasts with site-based conservation and is not merely large-scale conservation.

    Local park. Publicly-owned land designed and maintained to serve the recreation needs of people living or working in close proximity to the park. Neighborhood parks are small (~1 to 15 acres) and offer developed and programmed space and facilities such as playgrounds, picnic areas, fields, community centers, and sports fields for those within approximately one-half mile radius of the park. Community parks are larger (~16 to 99 acres) and are intended to provide recreation opportunities beyond those supplied by neighborhood parks, serving residents from throughout a community or jurisdiction.

    Local trail. A trail typically built, operated, and maintained by a single jurisdiction, district, or agency for access by residents and visitors within a single community or jurisdiction.

    Legacy community. In accordance with state law and guidance provided by the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research and San Bernardino County Local Area Formation Commission, the County used the following criteria to identify disadvantaged unincorporated legacy communities (consistent with Senate Bill 244, 2011):

    • Located outside of city/town limits and spheres of influence of any city/town;
    • Inhabited and has been for at least 50 years (also referred to as a legacy community);
    • Consists of at least 10 dwelling units in close proximity (approximately 1-mile radius); and
    • Median household income for the census tract less than 80% of the statewide median.

    The County must conduct a high level evaluation of the potable water, wastewater treatment, stormwater drainage, and structural fire protection service needs and resources for legacy communities.

    Level of service (LOS) (standard). A qualitative measure describing the delivery of service based on the needs and/or desires of customers or users. A LOS standard also generally factors in financial constraints (e.g., amount of user fees or taxes), as well as physical constraints (e.g., topography or distance).  In measuring traffic conditions, it is the measurement and categorization of traffic flow based on vehicle speed, density, congestion, and other elements.

    Limit. To confine a project or activity within prescribed specifications or performance criteria.

    Link. To connect a project, area, function, or activity to another feature or features that would be mutually beneficial and reinforce desired functions.

    Locate. To place an improvement, function, or use in a particular locale, on property with certain characteristics, or in proximity to specified features to bring about benefits and/or efficiency.

  • M

    Master planned communities. A residential development that also includes recreational and commercial amenities, and can also include local retail stores, businesses, and other employment opportunities. Master planned communities are typically built in phases with coordinated transportation and infrastructure improvements, a variety of housing types, and long-term public and private funding mechanisms.

    Maintain. To keep a system, facility, area, or activity in continuously sound condition, as defined by approved standards.

    May. To offer the possibility but not the probability or promise of a certain commitment of resources or support; associated with action or activity that is often desirable and allowed, but implementation of such action or activity is often conditional.

    Military activity / operations. Testing, training, or other activities conducted by the military (personnel or equipment) within or outside of a military installation.

    Military installation. The land and facilities within a specific boundary identified by the US Department of Defense. The five military installations in (wholly or partially) San Bernardino County are: Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center/Marine Corps Air Ground Task Force Training Command (MCAGCC/MAGTFTC), Edwards Air Force Base (AFB), Fort Irwin National Training Center (NTC), Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS) China Lake, and Marine Corps Logistics Base (MCLB) Barstow.

    Mines, legacy abandoned. Mines that ceased operation before state and federal laws required reclamation of mined land.

    Minimize. To reduce something to the smallest amount or degree feasible.

    Ministerial. An action taken by a governmental agency that follows established procedures and rules and does not call for the exercise of judgment in deciding whether to approve a project.

    Mitigation bank. A wetland, stream, or other aquatic resource area that has been restored, established, enhanced, or (in certain circumstances) preserved for the purpose of providing compensation for unavoidable impacts to aquatic resources permitted under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act or a similar state or local wetland regulation. A mitigation bank may be created when a government agency, corporation, nonprofit organization, or other entity undertakes these activities under a formal agreement with a regulatory agency.

    Monitor. To track the performance of a particular physical condition, activity accomplishment or aspect of change, with a view toward using the results to inform County determination of its appropriate commitments.

    Mutual aid. Mutual aid is assistance that, based on a contractual agreement, is dispatched on an as-needed and requested basis between two emergency service departments, communities, or districts when an emergency occurs. It differs from automatic aid, which is dispatched automatically.

  • N

    Never. Something (e.g., action or land use) will not take place or occur under any circumstance.

    New development. On land in the unincorporated area, any construction of new buildings or construction of new structures that are the primary use, and any subdivision or change in zoning classification.

    New lot. On land in the unincorporated area, any lot that is created (recorded) after the adoption date of the Policy Plan. The term applies to lots created through a parcel map or subdivision map.

    Notify. To advise a specified party or parties regarding an event or change for which there is an obligation to inform or need to know.

  • O

    Objective (Business Plan). Something that an individual’s, group’s, or organization’s efforts are intended to attain; something designed to achieve specific results.

    Overdraft. The condition of a groundwater supply in which the average annual amount of water withdrawn by pumping exceeds the average annual amount of water replenishing the aquifer in any ten year period, considering all sources of recharge and withdrawal.

    Overdraft, critical. A groundwater basin is subject to critical conditions of overdraft when continuation of present water management practices would probably result in significant adverse overdraft-related environmental, social, or economic impacts. Groundwater basins “subject to critical conditions of overdraft that are assigned a high or medium priority by the State Department of Water Resources must be managed under a groundwater sustainability plan by January 31, 2020. Groundwater sustainability plans, or their equivalent, must be established for all other high and medium-priority basins by January 31, 2022.

  • P

    Partner. To join with another entity in conducting an activity or building a facility that would be mutually beneficial and add value more efficiently than if pursued independently; does not necessarily require financial commitments. Similar to “cooperate”.

    Periodically. The action will take place or apply to future decisions at specified intervals or times.

    Policy. A statement that guides decision-making and specifies public commitment. A policy defines and directs how the County intends to achieve goals.

    Policy Plan. A compendium of long-term goals and policies intended to guide decision making regarding the improvement and planning of the county unincorporated areas, as well as the provision of regional and local services and facilities. The Policy Plan also provides the high-level direction for implementing programs and ordinances, such as the County Development Code.

    The Policy Plan legally functions as the County’s general plan. A general plan is a legal document required of each local agency by the State of California (see Government Code Section 65300 et seq.). In California, a general plan must address at least eight mandatory topics (land use, circulation, housing, conservation, noise, open space, safety, and environmental justice), and may include any number of optional topics (such as air quality, economic development, and health and wellness).

    There is no requirement that the County refer to the document as a general plan, and other jurisdictions may refer to their general plan as a comprehensive plan. The County opted to refer to its general plan as the County Policy Plan to reflect its expanded topical and geographic coverage.

    Prevent. To keep a particular use, condition, activity, or circumstance from occurring; it does not imply complete (100 percent) avoidance or elimination.

    Preserve. To maintain something in its original or existing state (verb). An area dedicated to the protection and conservation of biological resources and/or landscapes (noun).

    Principle. An assumption, fundamental rule, or doctrine that guides Policy Plan policies, proposals, standards, and implementation measures.

    Prohibit. To absolutely disallow something from happening or being built.

    Promote. To actively stimulate the likelihood and desirability of something happening; does not require investing public resources in its direct development.

    Protect. To shield from damage to people or property.

    Provide. To make something available, typically to a community, organization, or business; it does not imply that the thing is being made available at no cost.

    Public infrastructure. Capital facilities that are owned and maintained by public entities, including but not limited to: flood control, water, sewer, transportation, parks, law and justice, fire prevention and protection, public health, and facilities for parks, recreation, and other community services.

    Public water system. A system for the provision of water for human consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances that has 15 or more service connections or regularly serves at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year, or as otherwise defined in the California Health and Safety Code. The three main types of public water systems are: community, transient-noncommunity, and nontransient, noncommunity.

  • Q


  • R

    Ranged activities or projects. Civilian activities or projects that can exert impacts beyond a project’s boundaries and create compatibility issues with military activity.

    Recidivism. A person’s relapse into criminal behavior; a subsequent criminal adjudication or conviction while on probation supervision.

    Recycled water. Water which, as a result of treatment of waste, is suitable for a direct beneficial use or a controlled use that would not otherwise occur and is therefore considered a valuable resource. A form of water reuse that includes primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater to produce water suitable for a variety of non-potable applications, most notably for landscaping irrigation and industrial uses. Recycled water is synonymous with “reclaimed water,” “Title 22 Water” (water that conforms to the Uniform Statewide Recycling Criteria), and “treated wastewater.”

    Redevelopment, significant. The addition or replacement of 5,000 or more square feet of impervious surface on an already developed site, including, but not limited to: expansion of a building footprint; addition of a building or structure; addition of an impervious surface, such as construction of a new parking lot that is not part of a routine maintenance activity; and replacement of imperious surfaces, buildings or structures when 5,000 or more square feet of soil is exposed during replacement construction. It does not include routine maintenance activities conducted to maintain original line and grade, hydraulic capacity, or the original purpose of a facility.

    Reflect. To embody or represent (something) in a faithful or appropriate way.

    Region / regional. A geographic area; or pertaining to activities or economies at a scale greater than that of a single jurisdiction, and affecting a broad geographic area. In the Countywide Plan, the term may refer to the Inland Empire (generally considered San Bernardino and Riverside counties), Southern California, or to San Bernardino County subareas with similar features or characteristics (e.g. Valley, Mountain, North Desert, and East Desert regions).

    Regional park. A park typically 100 acres or larger focusing on activities and natural features not included in most other types of parks and often based on a specific scenic or recreational opportunity. A regional park may have any combination of developed, undeveloped, programmed, and unprogrammed space. A regional park is primarily intended to serve residents within an hour’s drive, although it may also serve the entire county in some capacity.

    Regional trail. A trail typically extending for very long distances across multiple jurisdictions, with operation and maintenance often coordinated and funded by multiple jurisdictions and/or agencies.

    Report. To provide public information on a subject or condition.

    Require. To absolutely impose an obligation or standard.

    Resiliency. The ability to adapt to changing conditions and prepare for, withstand, and rapidly recover from disruption or disasters.

    Respect. To give due regard for something or to hold something in high regard.

    Rural. Development patterns characterized predominantly by very low density housing development and limited amounts of low intensity commercial buildings in proximity to large natural areas or open space. Rural development often has limited infrastructure (e.g., onsite septic, onsite wells, unpaved roads, etc.).

  • S

    Safe yield. The maximum quantity of water that can be annually withdrawn from a groundwater aquifer without resulting in overdraft, without adversely affecting aquifer health, and without adversely affecting the health of associated lakes, streams, springs and seeps or their biological resources. The safe yield of an aquifer can be increased by management actions such as artificial recharge, including infiltration and other similar actions.

    Sensitive land uses. Types of facilities that the California Air Resources Board recommends being protected from sources of air pollution. Sensitive land uses include residences, childcare centers, educational institutions, medical facilities, senior care facilities, and parks and recreation facilities.

    Shall. Will always be carried out or required; no exceptions.

    Shared parking. A land use strategy that optimizes parking capacity, reduces the amount of land developed, and promotes connectivity by allowing complementary land uses to share parking spaces, rather than producing or requiring separate spaces for separate uses.

    Should. Will be carried out or required most of the time, unless a very good reason is identified why an exception is acceptable.

    Social capital. An intangible resource that community members can draw upon to solve collective problems. It consists of social trusts, norms, and networks that can alleviate societal problems. Civic engagement encourages feelings of reciprocity between community members and facilitates coordination, communication, and collaboration. Social capital can also be understood by examining community events, organizations, facilities, and participants.

    Sometimes. Will apply to future decisions under specified conditions or circumstances.

    Specify. To establish distinct requirements.

    Sphere of influence (SOI). The probable physical boundary and service area of a local agency, such as an incorporated city or town or a special district, as determined by the local agency formation commission (LAFCO). SOIs are planning tools used to provide guidance for individual proposals involving jurisdictional changes, and are intended to encourage the efficient provision of organized community services and prevent duplication of service delivery. A territory must also be within a city or district’s sphere in order to be annexed.

    While a city/town SOI can include both incorporated and unincorporated lands, the unincorporated lands remain within the jurisdictional control of the county until such time that the land is annexed into the city/town. A city/town is obligated to consider its unincorporated SOI in its general plan, although the county’s planning authority remains in place.

    Strive. To make great efforts or devote serious effort to achieve or obtain something.

    Sufficient buildable area. Able to conform to current development standards and requirements from local, state, and federal agencies.

    Suburban. Development patterns characterized predominantly by a mix of very low to medium density single family housing and multifamily housing development, interspersed with retail, office, industrial, and public or quasi-public facilities. Suburban development is often supported by investments in water, sewer, and roadway infrastructure.

    Support. To provide assistance or promotion; see encourage.

    Sustainable. Able to use a resource or conduct activity at a desired rate or level without depleting resources (e.g., financial or natural) to a point where others cannot rely upon or use them in the future; in some context the term can refer to the long-range viability of the environment, economy, and social equity (referred to as “the three E’s of sustainability”).

  • T

    Trucking-intensive business. In the context of defining a trucking-intensive business, a truck is a vehicle identified by the Federal Highway Administration vehicle as Class 5 or higher, with the exception of dually trucks and recreational vehicles. A trucking-intensive business is a permitted use that includes the frequent use of trucks as part of its primary activities. Examples include: truck yards, logistics facilities, hazardous materials or waste facilities, container storage, and container parking. Excluded from this definition is commercial vehicle storage in residential areas as permitted in the County Development Code.

  • U

    Upstream issues. Conditions, such as food insecurity, that exist prior to and contribute to a person’s undesirable medical, social, financial, or legal circumstance.

    Urban. Development patterns characterized by higher density residential and/or nonresidential development served by frequent transit service and public infrastructure.

  • V

    Value (Community Action Guide). A shared asset, principle, standard, social more, and in the judgement of the community, what is important in the lives of its residents and businesses.

    Vulnerable population or community. Populations or communities that experience heightened risk and increased sensitivity to natural disasters, emergencies, or severe weather events or conditions; and have less capacity and fewer resources to cope with, adapt to, or recover from such events or conditions.

  • W

    Watermaster. A board or committee appointed by a court to oversee an adjudicated water basin, fulfilling the obligations set forth in a stipulated judgement containing a declaration of rights of the water users and other entities for a specific groundwater basin.

    We (Community Action Guide). The collective of community residents, business owners, property owners, service providers, and other stakeholders; distinct from the usage of “we” in the Policy Plan.

    We (Policy Plan). The County of San Bernardino government body; distinct from the usage of “we” in the Community Action Guides.

    Wildlife corridor. A wildlife corridor can be defined as a linear landscape feature of sufficient width to allow animal movement between two comparatively undisturbed habitat fragments. Wildlife corridors are similar to linkages, but provide specific opportunities for animals to disperse or migrate between areas. Adequate cover is essential for a corridor to function as a wildlife movement area. It is possible for a habitat corridor to be adequate for one species yet, inadequate for others. Wildlife corridors are significant features for dispersal, seasonal migration, breeding, and foraging. Additionally, open space can provide a buffer against both human disturbance and natural fluctuations in resources.

    Williamson Act (WA). Also known as the California Land Conservation Act of 1965, the WA creates an arrangement whereby private land owners contract with local governments to voluntarily restrict land to agricultural and open-space uses. The vehicle for these agreements is a rolling term 10-year contract (i.e., unless either party files a “notice of nonrenewal” the contract is automatically renewed annually for an additional year). In return, restricted parcels are assessed for property tax purposes at a rate consistent with their actual use (which is typically very low based on agricultural or open space usage), rather than potential market value.

    Contracts may be exited at the option of the land owner or local government by initiating the process of term nonrenewal. Contract cancellation involves a comprehensive review and approval process, as well as a fee equal to 12.5 percent of the full market value of the subject property. Other circumstances and processes may also apply.

    See also agricultural preserve.

    Wind erosion hazard area. Wind erosion is the process of detachment, transport, and deposition of soil by wind. Wind erosion potential is determined based on the type of soil present in an area and the area’s average wind speed.  A wind erosion hazard area is an area where the potential for wind erosion is categorized as medium-high or high, and is therefore an area where wind-blown soil could be a hazard for buildings and other structures.

  • X


  • Y


  • Z

    Zoning. The division of a jurisdiction by legislative regulations into areas (aka land use zoning districts), which specify allowable uses for real property and size restrictions for buildings within these areas; a program that implements policies and the land use categories of the Policy Plan.

Phelan Sept. 20th meeting RESCHEDULED for Sept. 25th in Pinon Hills

Due to a conflicting emergency meeting related to the Sheep Creek Water Company, the Phelan Open House (originally scheduled for September 20th in Phelan)  has been rescheduled for September 25th at Pinon Hills Community Center.

NEW DATE: September 25th, 2018 | 6:00pm – 8:00pm

NEW LOCATION: Pinon Hills Community Center | 10433 Mountain Road, Pinon Hills, CA 92372

Click here for event information

This event is part of an ongoing outreach process that has included over 75 public meetings. Thank you for getting involved in improving your community and county!

Web-Based Policy Plan

Welcome to the Beta Site of the Web-Based Policy Plan!

Welcome to the beta version of the web-based Policy Plan which is still undergoing refinement and testing before its release in 2020.

The beta site for the Web-Base Policy Plan reflects the May 2019 draft Policy Plan. To see changes made to the Policy Plan between August 2018 and May 2019 please download the tracked changes version of the PDF Policy Plan:

May 2019 draft County Policy Plan showing tracked changes since August 2018

Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.

All content is in draft form, intended only for public review. Following public input during the Draft Environmental Impact Report public review period (mid-2019), a draft County Policy Plan suitable for public adoption hearings will be released later in 2020.

Elements of the County Policy Plan


*The 2013-2021 Housing Element will be updated during the appropriate time-frame regulated by the State Department of Housing and Community Development, then adopted into the Countywide Plan.


*The Renewable Energy & Conservation Element effort began in advance and independently of the Countywide Plan. It was adopted in 2017 and amended in February 2019, and it is not being updated through the Countywide Plan. 

All content is in draft form, intended only for public review. Following public input during the Draft Environmental Impact Report public review period (mid-2019), a draft County Policy Plan suitable for public adoption hearings will be released (anticipated 2020).

Health & Wellness Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Health & Wellness Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    Maintaining and improving the health and wellness of individuals, families, and communities is one of society’s most fundamental goals, similar in importance to public safety and providing adequate shelter.  Creating healthier places and improving the health and education of people contribute to lower governmental costs for health care, enhances the capacity of the individual and collective workforce, and leads to a stronger economy and overall prosperity. Positive outcomes are not only the result of health-care treatment and the provision of a social safety net; they must also be achieved through preventive or upstream efforts that help avoid or reduce the occurrence of physiological, financial, and social instability.

    The County is committed to improving the health and wellness of individuals, families, and communities through collaboration with public, private, and not-for-profit organizations. The County is also responsible, within the bounds of annual state and federal funding, for implementing the human health and social assistance responsibilities of the state and federal governments. Establishing a more complete county and stronger communities is achieved through the County’s provision of or coordination with others to provide places, facilities, and programs for learning, arts and culture, entertainment, and social bonding.

    In the context of this Element, the terms “health” or “health and wellness” are used broadly to reference physical health, behavioral health, and social well-being.

  • Purpose

    The Health and Wellness Element:

    • Provides guidance on addressing issues that by their nature require extensive coordination and collaboration within the County and with outside agencies and organizations.
    • Establishes a holistic approach to the continuum of care.
    • Identifies the County’s policy focus regarding its use of state and federal funds to improve the physical and behavioral health of residents.
    • Describes the County’s priorities and roles in serving the health and social needs of vulnerable populations.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • Human health and wellness are intrinsically valuable.
    • Facets of health and wellness are often interrelated and should be addressed together, with a focus on preventative and proactive care.
    • The health, well-being, education, and enrichment of residents are key components to the prosperity and quality of life in San Bernardino County.
    • A diverse range of community and cultural resources, programs, and facilities help make the entire county and individual communities more complete and prosperous.
    • Society has chosen to maintain a safety net that protects the most vulnerable and assists individuals and households in transitioning to self-sufficiency.
    • Human health and social assistance services are state and federal responsibilities implemented, subject to available state and federal funding, by the County in partnership with service providers and not-for-profit organizations.


  • Goal HW-1 Health and social wellness

    Supportive public facilities and services that assist and guide individuals to achieve and sustain self-sufficiency, social stability, and excellent physical and behavioral health and wellness.

    Policy HW-1.1    Coordinated holistic approach
    We invest in a holistic approach to individual health and wellness to improve the continuum of care, providing coordinated services through departments and agencies associated with human services, economic development, law and justice, and housing, as well as other agencies and nongovernmental organizations.

    Policy HW-1.2    Cultural humility and inclusion
    We guide the development and delivery of appropriate health care, health services, and social assistance by recognizing and continuously learning about the diverse values, cultures, languages, and behaviors found throughout the county, especially for those that are underserved or isolated.

    Policy HW-1.3    Monitoring health and social conditions
    We prioritize our resources to address the most pressing needs by continually engaging residents and monitoring health and social conditions, trends, and emerging needs across the county, while complying with federal and state mandates.

    Policy HW-1.4    Funding application coordination
    We coordinate the application for funding resources to maximize the long-term benefit of addressing multiple health and social issues, both within the County organization and between the County and other agencies and organizations.

    Policy HW-1.5    Partnerships and capacity building
    We leverage partnerships with other agencies and organizations to address health and wellness issues, and, as funding allows, assist in building the capacity of service providers and partner organizations to expand their service and effectiveness.

    Policy HW-1.6    Healthy behaviors
    We collaborate with other public agencies, not-for-profit organizations, and private service providers to offer education and training that enable individuals to make better health and wellness choices. We work to remove environmental and social barriers to healthy habits.

    Policy HW-1.7    Upstream issues
    We collaborate with partners to address upstream issues related to the social determinants of health and social stability (e.g., income, education, housing, neighborhood conditions, and job skills), and to reduce the occurrence of and costs associated with responding to acute and chronic conditions, while complying with federal, state, and local mandates.

    Policy HW-1.8    Assistance for veterans
    We invest in services to assist veterans and their families countywide connect with service providers and apply for benefits from federal, state, and local governmental agencies.

    Policy HW-1.9    Homelessness
    We address homelessness by coordinating a comprehensive countywide network of service delivery and by focusing on transitional and permanent supportive housing for the homeless, including the chronically homeless and near-homeless families and individuals.

    Policy HW-1.10  Safety net
    We use state and federal funding to provide a safety net of services that provides temporary, transitional, and ongoing assistance to protect those most vulnerable.

    Policy HW-1.11  Insurance and medical services
    We collaborate with other public agencies, non-profit organizations, and private health and wellness service providers to facilitate residents obtaining medical insurance, vaccines and preventative care, behavioral health, and treatments, through private service providers, County health and wellness facilities, and public programs.

    Policy HW-1.12  Equity
    We monitor and seek to achieve equitable access to County health and social services, with an emphasis on environmental justice focus areas countywide.

    Policy HW-1.13  Health care professional capacity
    We collaborate with other public agencies, non-profit organizations, and private health and wellness service providers to ensure that an adequate number of medical, behavioral, and dental health professionals serve residents countywide, with an emphasis on health care professional shortage areas.

    Policy HW-1.14  Arrowhead Regional Medical Center
    We provide quality general and specialty health care services, operate medical residency programs, conduct community outreach and wellness programs, and act as a safety-net hospital for the countywide under-insured and uninsured.  We also leverage ARMC as an economic asset to stimulate the local economy and attract investment and professionals from outside the county.

  • Goal HW-2 Education

    A common culture that values education and lifelong learning and a populace with the education to participate and compete in the global economy.

    Policy HW-2.1    Lifelong learning
    We collaborate with educators, the business community, students and families, recreation departments and other public agencies, and civic and not-for-profit organizations to foster lifelong learning including early childhood literacy, cradle to career education, English as a second language, career development, and adult enrichment. We encourage approaches to learning that embrace diverse modes of learning for all.

    Policy HW-2.2    Land use compatibility
    We prioritize the safety and security of public schools in unincorporated areas by minimizing incompatible land uses near instructional facilities. We encourage school districts to place new schools where existing and planned land uses are compatible.

    Policy HW-2.3    Superintendent support
    We support the Superintendent of Schools in fulfilling the obligations for school district support, advocacy, and student services

    Policy HW-2.4    Health and enrichment programs
    We provide additional support for school districts for nutrition, physical activity, arts, and other enrichment programs, commensurate with the availability of grants and other funding resources.

  • Goal HW-3 Community development

    Assets that contribute to a complete county and healthy neighborhoods and communities.

    Policy HW-3.1    Healthy environments
    We collaborate with other public agencies, not-for-profit organizations, community groups, and private developers to improve the physical and built environment in which people live. We do so by improving such things as walkability, bicycle infrastructure, transit facilities, universal design, safe routes to school, indoor and outdoor air quality, gardens, green space and open space, and access to parks and recreation amenities.

    Policy HW-3.2    Building social capital
    In unincorporated communities, we support the provision of neighborhood and community gathering places for social activities, and the provision of meeting spaces and facilities for community organizations in order to build social capital, establish a sense of community, increase volunteerism, and expand civic engagement.

    Policy HW-3.3    Public libraries
    We operate public libraries in unincorporated areas and contract cities/towns to provide programs and facilities that ensure equitable access to information and digital technology, provide places and activities for people to connect with other people, promote literacy and reading for pleasure for children and adults, and foster a culture of creativity, innovation, and collaboration. We invest in the modernization and expansion of public library facilities as adequate funding is available.

    Policy HW-3.4    Public museums
    We operate County museums to preserve and depict the history, culture, and natural science of San Bernardino County.  We invest in facilities and technology and collaborate with other institutions, organizations, and businesses in order to increase public exposure to museum holdings.

    Policy HW-3.5    Arts and culture
    We increase awareness of the benefits of the arts throughout the county by recognizing and promoting the arts, artists, performing arts, and cultural organizations as valuable resources for community identity, economic vitality, and tourism. We encourage private and not-for-profit support of artistic and cultural activities through mutual programs and public-private partnerships.

    Policy HW-3.6    Multi-use facilities and integrated development
    We encourage those who build and/or operate community assets to accommodate multiple functions and programs. We encourage the development of new residential, commercial, and institutional uses and public facilities that incorporate one or more community assets.

    Policy HW-3.7    Attracting local-serving businesses
    We actively work across County departments and agencies to attract businesses that provide desired goods and services in unincorporated communities, especially in environmental justice focus areas, including but not limited to food stores with fresh produce, health care, child care, pharmacies, and other retailers. We balance community desires with comprehensive assessments of market demand to guide our business attraction efforts.

    Policy HW-3.8    Attracting leisure and entertainment
    We advocate for the establishment and retention of leisure and entertainment businesses and venues, countywide, that contribute to the complete county concept.

    Policy HW-3.9    Community-driven improvements
    We provide resources and information to assist unincorporated communities with the implementation of community action guides.

Economic Development Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Economic Development Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    The economy of San Bernardino County is an integrated part of Southern California’s regional economy. The skills and level of education of county residents, the provision of infrastructure, and the availability of sites and facilities influence which of the regional economy’s businesses operate and are successful in the county. At the same time, the types of businesses that operate in the county determine the types of jobs and wages available to county residents. By increasing the number and quality of jobs, the County’s economic development efforts are intended to attract private investment, reduce commute times, increase household wealth, and improve overall quality of life.

    The County has a regional role in fostering economic and workforce development countywide and has a local role in bringing nonresidential development to targeted unincorporated communities. While economic development issues are addressed throughout the Policy Plan, this Element focuses on the County’s major economic development responsibilities.

  • Purpose

    The Economic Development Element:

    • Provides direction for County efforts to attract private investment in nonresidential development in unincorporated areas of the county.
    • Focuses countywide investments in workforce development on growing occupations and industries.
    • Establishes the County’s intent to invest in economic development in order to improve the countywide jobs-housing ratio.
    • Identifies the means through which the County promotes countywide economic development.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • Economic security is a necessary component of public safety and quality of life.
    • Effective economic development requires collaboration among public agencies, not-for-profit organizations, and the private sector.
    • Comprehensive and excellent labor force training and business assistance services are assets that help existing businesses grow and help attract new businesses.
    • Tourism is important for its direct local economic impact, enhancing community identity, and improving the regional image of San Bernardino County.


  • Goal ED-1 Unincorporated land and facilities

    Increased business investment in land and facilities and job growth in key unincorporated areas.

    Policy ED-1.1      Marketing focus areas
    In unincorporated areas, we actively market sites for business park and industrial development in employment focus areas, and we actively market sites for retail and commercial businesses in commercial focus areas.

    Policy ED-1.2      Infrastructure improvements
    We support and facilitate the establishment of special funding and financing mechanisms for road, water, sewer, and drainage infrastructure improvements in order to generate private investment in employment and commercial focus areas.

    Policy ED-1.3      Site aggregation
    We may assist in aggregating smaller lots and parcels to create more marketable and developable sites in employment focus areas.

    Policy ED-1.4      Planned business park and industrial areas
    We prefer master planned approaches through specific and area plans for business park and industrial development and redevelopment.  We facilitate master planned approaches in order to discourage incremental general plan amendments that introduce or expand business park or industrial development.

    Policy ED-1.5      Mineral resources
    We support the extraction of mineral resources in unincorporated areas and the establishment and operation of supporting businesses throughout the county.

    Policy ED-1.6      Industrial redevelopment
    We facilitate and promote redevelopment in the industrial redevelopment focus areas to provide land and facilities for non-mining industrial development.

  • Goal ED-2 Labor force

    A skilled and educated labor force that helps businesses compete in the regional and global economy.

    Policy ED-2.1      Education pathways
    We collaborate with school systems and civic organizations to support countywide education pathways (P-14) to prepare students for jobs in high-skill, high-wage careers and/or to prepare for college.

    Policy ED-2.2      English proficiency
    We support local and countywide programs that improve adult proficiency in the English language.

    Policy ED-2.3      Industry-driven workforce training
    We support countywide education and workforce training programs with a demonstrated ability to expand skills and improve employment opportunities, and we also promote innovative approaches that address the diversity of education, job skills, geography, and socioeconomics of the countywide labor force.

    Policy ED-2.4      Business engagement
    We engage with businesses throughout the county to identify current and future skill and education needs. We assist businesses with recruitment, hiring, on-the-job training, and short-term training needs.

    Policy ED-2.5      Individual assistance
    We provide job search and application assistance to residents countywide, and we provide training and education assistance to eligible individuals.

  • Goal ED-3 Countywide business and employment growth

    Growth of new businesses, improved profitability of existing businesses, and an increased number and quality of jobs in the county.

    Policy ED-3.1      Countywide jobs-housing ratio
    We strive to achieve countywide job growth in excess of household growth to improve the jobs-housing ratio, reduce out-commuting, and enhance quality of life.

    Policy ED-3.2      Business assistance
    We collaborate with economic development service providers to offer training and other assistance to existing businesses and business startups countywide.

    Policy ED-3.3      Site selection assistance
    We coordinate with agencies, incorporated cities and towns, and service providers to assist existing and prospective businesses in identifying and selecting sites and facilities countywide. We also assist businesses with permitting, licensing, incentives, and other regulatory requirements.

    Policy ED-3.4      Site and facilities inventory
    We collaborate with real estate brokers, developers, municipalities, and building owners to maintain a countywide inventory of available sites and facilities for businesses.

    Policy ED-3.5      Countywide marketing
    We regularly analyze economic and market conditions and trends to identify target economic sectors and actively market sites and facilities countywide to prospective businesses.

    Policy ED-3.6      Countywide tourism
    We coordinate with a variety of partners to promote San Bernardino County as a regional, national, and international tourist destination and collaborate with tourism industry businesses to improve visitor experience.

Personal & Property Protection Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Personal & Property Protection Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    The benefits, public goods, and investments associated with a high quality of life in San Bernardino County—strong neighborhoods, economic prosperity, cradle-to-career education, a vibrant culture, and civic engagement—can only be achieved when people experience a real and perceived sense of safety. Public safety is also directly related to the County’s resilience—its ability to adapt to changing conditions and prepare for, withstand, and rapidly recover from disruption or disasters.

    The County provides law enforcement, including crime prevention, in unincorporated areas and under contract to some incorporated jurisdictions. It also provides some countywide law enforcement services, including the coroner, and when requested, special investigation assistance to incorporated jurisdictions. The County is also responsible for: the administration of justice, both prosecutions and public defenders, for crimes committed in the county; operation of County jails, including rehabilitation of inmates in its custody; holistically rehabilitate and assist the reentry and transition of parolees, probationers, and others living in the county engaged by the criminal justice system, and assistance to victims of and witnesses to crimes committed in the county.

    The County Fire District provides fire prevention services, fire protection for wild fires and urban fires, and emergency medical response in unincorporated areas, portions of incorporated jurisdictions included in the district, and, under contract, in some incorporated jurisdictions. The County plans for and responds to emergencies and natural disasters countywide, and County Fire also provides regional urban search and rescue services.

    The Sheriff is responsible for law enforcement and is elected by voters countywide. The Board of Supervisors appropriates funds to supplement state and federal funding for law enforcement.  Achieving the Policy Plan’s goals for law enforcement is, thus, a collaborative effort between the Board of Supervisors and the Sheriff. The Sheriff also provides countywide wilderness rescue services.

    The County makes a maintenance of effort payment for courts, but the state is primarily responsible for funding courts and fully responsible for any expansion. However, the County funds the elected District Attorney’s office, the Public Defender’s office, and the Sheriff’s department’s court services. Thus, state decisions on court funding will influence the ability of the County to achieve this element’s law and justice goal.

  • Purpose

    The Personal and Property Protection Element:

    • Promotes continuous improvement in the provision of public safety and administration of justice.
    • Supports coordinated and effective interagency response to emergencies and natural disasters.
    • Provides policy direction to engage communities and respond to identified needs.
    • Fosters collaboration among the Board of Supervisors-directed agencies and departments and the elected Sheriff and District Attorney.
    • Augments, rather than replaces, state- and federally-mandated goals and objectives.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • Public safety and administration of justice is a fundamental responsibility of county government, and a key determinant of quality of life.
    • Maintaining and improving a real and perceived sense of public safety is necessary to attract private investment in residences and businesses.
    • A collaborative effort among County agencies and other organizations is required to prevent crime, assist victims of and witnesses to crime, and holistically rehabilitate and aid the reentry and transition of parolees, probationers, and others engaged in the criminal justice system.
    • A regional approach to fire suppression and emergency response is effective and cost-efficient.
    • Minimizing the loss of life and property during emergencies and natural disasters requires collaborative planning, preparation, and execution.


  • Goal PP-1 Law Enforcement

    Effective crime prevention and law enforcement that leads to a real and perceived sense of public safety for residents, visitors, and businesses.

    Policy PP-1.1      Law enforcement services
    The Sheriff’s Department provides law enforcement services for unincorporated areas and distributes resources geographically while balancing levels of service and financial resources with continuously changing needs for personal and property protection.

    Policy PP-1.2      Contract law enforcement
    When requested, the Sheriff’s Department provide law enforcement services to incorporated jurisdictions by contract at the full cost of services as determined by the County, without direct subsidy by the County.

    Policy PP-1.3      Holistic approach to crime prevention
    We recognize that the roots of crime are found throughout a spectrum of psychological, social, economic, and environmental issues, and we coordinate proactive planning and activities among the Sheriff’s Department and county and non-county agencies and organizations to intervene and effectively prevent crime.

    Policy PP-1.4      Crime prevention resource allocation
    The Sheriff’s Department uses crime data analysis, professional expertise, and community input to allocate patrols and other crime prevention resources.

    Policy PP-1.5      Community-based crime prevention
    The Sheriff’s Department provides a range of outreach, education, and training programs for community-based and school-based crime prevention.

    Policy PP-1.6      Agency partnerships
    The Sheriff’s Department partners with other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and private security providers to enhance law enforcement service.

    Policy PP-1.7      Community partnerships
    The Sheriff’s Department establishes and maintains partnerships to help identify public safety needs, strengthen community confidence, and improve service to our communities.

    Policy PP-1.8      Public awareness
    The Sheriff’s Department engages the media and our communities to improve the public’s perception and awareness of personal and property protection and safety.

    Policy PP-1.9      Periodic needs assessment
    The Sheriff’s Department periodically assesses their facility, equipment, and staffing needs and use the assessment to allocate funding resources in the annual budget and capital improvement program.

    Policy PP-1.10    Qualified workforce
    The Sheriff’s Department attracts and retains a qualified workforce of law enforcement and support personnel, reflective of the people they serve, and invest in training and ongoing education.

  • Goal PP-2 Law & Justice

    An equitable justice system for violations of law in the county, adequate care and effective rehabilitation for inmates in the County’s custody, and the holistic rehabilitation and aided reentry and transition of parolees, probationers, and others living in the county engaged by the criminal justice system.

    Policy PP-2.1      Equity
    We, in conjunction with the Sheriff’s Department, monitor and improve our law and justice functions, including for those accused of violating state and local law, victims, and witnesses, to ensure that individuals and corporations are treated equitably.

    Policy PP-2.2      Capacity
    We advocate for and support sufficient capacity in the justice system, including the criminal and civil courts, District Attorney’s office, and Public Defender’s office, to effectively and efficiently adjudicate violations of law committed in the county.

    Policy PP-2.3      Information sharing
    We continually improve the sharing of non-privileged information from the time of arrest through trial, among the Sheriff’s Department and city police departments, courts, District Attorney’s office, Public Defender’s office, and Probation Department.

    Policy PP-2.4      Housing and care of inmates
    We provide adequate care and effective rehabilitation for those incarcerated in County jails or housed in County juvenile detention facilities, consistent with state and federal law, and we advocate for adequate state funding.

    Policy PP-2.5      Support for victims and witnesses
    In conjunction with the District Attorney’s office, we provide supportive services for victims of and witnesses to crime through a holistic approach considering physical, psychological, and basic needs.

    Policy PP-2.6      Recidivism
    To prevent recidivism, we provide holistic rehabilitation to those incarcerated and engaged in the reentry process, and provide coordinated services through the departments and agencies associated with law and justice, human services, economic development, and housing, as well as other agencies and nongovernmental organizations.

  • Goal PP-3 Fire and Emergency Medical

    Reduced risk of death, injury, property damage, and economic loss due to fires and other natural disasters, accidents, and medical incidents through prompt and capable emergency response.

    Policy PP-3.1      Fire and emergency medical services
    We maintain a sufficient number and distribution of fire stations, up-to-date equipment, and fully-trained staff to respond effectively to emergencies.

    Policy PP-3.2      Fire District
    We support the expansion of the Fire District to serve additional incorporated jurisdictions, and the use of special funding and financing mechanisms to augment Fire District revenues to improve service and coverage.

    Policy PP-3.3      Search and rescue
    We maintain up-to-date equipment and fully-trained staff to provide urban search and rescue and swift water rescue emergency response.

    Policy PP-3.4      Fire prevention services
    We proactively mitigate or reduce the negative effects of fire, hazardous materials release, and structural collapse by implementing the California Fire Code, adopted with County amendments.

    Policy PP-3.5      Firefighting water supply and facilities
    We coordinate with water providers to maintain adequate water supply, pressure, and facilities to protect people and property from urban fires and wildfires.

    Policy PP-3.6      Concurrent protection services
    We require that fire department facilities, equipment, and staffing required to serve new development are operating prior to, or in conjunction with new development.

    Policy PP-3.7      Fire safe design
    We require new development in the Fire Safety Overlay to comply with additional site design, building, and access standards to provide enhanced resistance to fire hazards.

    Policy PP-3.8      Fire-adapted communities
    We inform and prepare our residents and businesses to collaboratively plan and take action to more safely coexist with the risk of wildfires.

    Policy PP-3.9      Street signage
    We require adequate street signage be provided and maintained to ensure emergency services can quickly and efficiently respond.

    Policy PP-3.10    Community outreach
    We engage with local schools, community groups, and businesses to increase awareness of fire risk, prevention, and evacuation.

    Policy PP-3.11    Post-burn risks
    In areas burned by wildfire, we require new and reconstructed development to adhere to current development standards, and may require additional study to evaluate increased flooding, debris flow, and mudslide risks.

    Policy PP-3.12    Fire protection and emergency medical resource allocation
    We use fire and emergency services data analysis and professional expertise to allocate resources, reduce fire risks, and improve emergency response.

    Policy PP-3.13    Periodic needs assessment
    We periodically assess our facility, equipment, and staffing needs and use the assessment to allocate funding resources in the annual budget and capital improvement program.

    Policy PP-3.14    Qualified workforce
    We attract and retain a qualified workforce of fire fighters, emergency medical technicians, and support personnel, and invest in training and ongoing education.

  • Goal PP-4 Emergency Preparedness and Recovery

    A reduced risk of and impact from injury, loss of life, property damage, and economic and social disruption resulting from emergencies, natural disasters, and potential changes in climate.

    Policy PP-4.1      Emergency management plans
    We maintain, update, and adopt the Emergency Operations Plan, Continuity of Operations Plan, and the Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan.

    Policy PP-4.2      Critical and essential facility operation
    We ensure that critical and essential County facilities remain operational during emergencies.

    Policy PP-4.3      Automatic and mutual aid
    We participate in agreements for automatic and mutual aid with other local, state, federal, and nongovernmental emergency service providers to improve protection services and emergency response throughout the county.

    Policy PP-4.4      Emergency shelters and routes
    We identify and publicize emergency shelters and sign and control evacuation routes for use during emergencies.

    Policy PP-4.5      Vulnerable populations
    We coordinate with and encourage the use of community-based networks to aid vulnerable populations prepare for emergencies and provide assistance with evacuation and recovery.

    Policy PP-4.6      Recovery
    We reestablish and expedite County services to assist affected residents and businesses in the short- and long-term recovery from emergencies and natural disasters.

    Policy PP-4.7      Public outreach and education
    We engage with the community to increase awareness of and preparedness for emergencies and natural disasters.

Hazards Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Hazards Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    The massive scale of the county’s geography and the complexity of its economy and socioeconomics exposes people, buildings, and facilities to a wide range of natural (wild fires, flooding, geologic activity, and wind) and human-generated hazards (hazardous materials, airports, and noise). Reducing the risks associated with such hazards improves real and perceived senses of safety, providing the county with a higher quality of life and spurring continuous investment and improvement of the county’s communities, businesses, and natural areas.

    The County is committed to protecting life, property, and commerce from impacts associated with natural hazards, human-generated hazards, and increased risk due to climate change. The County also works to ensure that residents in unincorporated disadvantaged communities have a reduced risk of exposure to pollution and have equitable access to public facilities and services. Effectively reducing these risks requires the County and its partners to evaluate public safety threats, proactively plan and protect against potential hazards, and establish systems that will make the county and its people safer and more self-reliant.

  • Purpose

    The Hazards Element:

    • Identifies potential natural and human-generated hazards, including increased risk due to climate change.
    • Provides direction to address risks to residents, businesses, workers, and visitors.
    • Prioritizes resources and reduce pollution exposure in unincorporated disadvantaged communities.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • A safe environment is necessary to build and maintain a sustainable and prosperous county.
    • The County has a role in lessening risks from natural and human-generated hazards.
    • Reduction in the loss of life, injury, private property damage, infrastructure damage, economic losses, and social dislocation can be achieved through planning and preparedness.
    • Emergency response and recovery efforts contribute to a resilient county, given unavoidable emergencies and natural disasters.
    • Those who live in unincorporated disadvantaged communities should not be burdened with elevated exposure to pollution risks and reduced access to public facilities and services.


  • Goal HZ-1 Natural Environmental Hazards

    Minimized risk of injury, loss of life, property damage, and economic and social disruption caused by natural environmental hazards and adaptation to potential changes in climate.

    Policy HZ-1.1      New subdivisions in environmental hazard areas
    We require all lots and parcels created through new subdivisions to have sufficient buildable area outside of the following environmental hazard areas:

    • Flood: 100-year flood zone, dam/basin inundation area
    • Geologic: Alquist Priolo earthquake fault zone; County-identified fault zone; rockfall/debris-flow hazard area, existing and County-identified landslide area

    Policy HZ-1.2      New development in environmental hazard areas
    We require all new development to be located outside of the environmental hazard areas listed below. For any lot or parcel that does not have sufficient buildable area outside of such hazard areas, we require adequate mitigation, including designs that allow occupants to shelter in place and to have sufficient time to evacuate during times of extreme weather and natural disasters.

    • Flood: 100-year flood zone, dam/basin inundation area
    • Geologic: Alquist Priolo earthquake fault zone; County-identified fault zone; rockfall/debris-flow hazard area, medium or high liquefaction area (low to high and localized), existing and County-identified landslide area, moderate to high landslide susceptibility area)
    • Fire: high or very high fire hazard severity zone

    Policy HZ-1.3      Floodplain mapping
    We require any new lots or subdivisions partially in, and any new development partially or entirely in 100-year flood zones or 100-year flood awareness areas to provide detail floodplain mapping for 100- and 200-year storm events as part of the development approval process.

    Policy HZ-1.4      500-year flood zone
    We may collaborate with property owners in the Valley region to establish funding and financing mechanisms to mitigate flood hazards in identified 500-year flood zones.

    Policy HZ-1.5      Existing properties in environmental hazard areas
    We encourage owners of existing properties in hazard areas to add design features that allow occupants to shelter in place and to have sufficient time to evacuate during times of extreme weather and natural disasters.

    Policy HZ-1.6      Critical and essential facility location
    We require new critical and essential facilities to be located outside of hazard areas, whenever feasible.

    Policy HZ-1.7      Underground utilities
    We require that underground utilities be designed to withstand seismic forces, accommodate ground settlement, and hardened to fire risk.

    Policy HZ-1.8      Wind erosion hazards
    We require new development in medium-high or high wind erosion hazard areas to minimize the effects of wind-blown soil through building and site design features such as fencing, surface treatment or pavement, attenuation or wind barriers, architectural features, building materials, and drought resistant landscaping.

    Policy HZ-1.9      Hazard areas maintained as open space
    We minimize risk associated with flood, geologic, and fire hazard zones or areas by encouraging such areas to be preserved and maintained as open space.

    Policy HZ-1.10    Energy independence
    We encourage new residential development to include rooftop solar energy systems and battery storage systems that can provide backup electrical service during temporary power outages.

    Policy HZ-1.11    Energy efficiency retrofits
    We encourage owners of existing residential and commercial properties to retrofit the walls, doors, windows, ceilings, roofs, ductwork, and other elements of their building envelopes, in order to improve energy efficiency and better protect occupants from extreme temperatures.

  • Goal HZ-2 Human-generated Hazards

    People and the natural environment protected from exposure to hazardous materials, excessive noise, and other human-generated hazards.

    Policy HZ-2.1      Hazardous waste facilities
    We regulate and buffer hazardous waste facilities to protect public health and avoid impacts on the natural environment.

    Policy HZ-2.2      Database of hazardous materials
    We maintain up-to-date databases of the storage, use, and production of hazardous materials, based on federally- and state-required disclosure and notification, to appropriately respond to potential emergencies.

    Policy HZ-2.3      Safer alternatives
    We minimize the use of hazardous materials by choosing and by encouraging others to use non-toxic alternatives that do not pose a threat to the environment.

    Policy HZ-2.4      Truck routes for hazardous materials
    We designate truck routes for the transportation of hazardous materials through unincorporated areas and prohibit routes that pass through residential neighborhoods to the maximum extent feasible.

    Policy HZ-2.5      Community education
    We engage with residents and businesses to promote safe practices related to the use, storage, transportation, and disposal of hazardous materials.

    Policy HZ-2.6      Coordination with transportation authorities
    We collaborate with airport owners, FAA, Caltrans, SBCTA, SCAG, neighboring jurisdictions, and other transportation providers in the preparation and maintenance of, and updates to transportation-related plans and projects to minimize noise impacts and provide appropriate mitigation measures.

    Policy HZ-2.7      Truck delivery areas
    We encourage truck delivery areas to be located away from residential properties and require associated noise impacts to be mitigated.

    Policy HZ-2.8      Proximity to noise generating uses
    We limit or restrict new noise sensitive land uses in proximity to existing conforming noise generating uses and planned industrial areas.

    Policy HZ-2.9      Control sound at the source
    We prioritize noise mitigation measures that control sound at the source before buffers, soundwalls, and other perimeter measures.

    Policy HZ-2.10    Agricultural operations
    We require new development adjacent to existing conforming agricultural operations to provide adequate buffers to reduce the exposure of new development to operational noise, odor, and the storage or application of pesticides or other hazardous materials.

    Policy HZ-2.11    Legacy abandoned mine lands
    We inventory legacy abandoned mines and require private property owners to eliminate hazardous conditions that could threaten human life and environmental contamination. We obtain funding to address legacy abandoned mines on County-owned property.

  • Goal HZ-3 Environmental Justice

    For unincorporated environmental justice focus areas, equitable levels of protection from environmental and health hazards; expanded opportunities for physical activity and meaningful civic engagement; and access to healthy food, public facilities, safe and sanitary housing.

    Policy HZ-3.1      Cumulative health risk assessment
    We require a cumulative health risk assessment when a project potentially effects sensitive receptors in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.  We require such assessments to evaluate impacts of truck traffic from the project to freeways.

    Policy HZ-3.2      Studying and monitoring
    We coordinate with state and regional regulatory entities to monitor pollution exposure and identify solutions in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas. We work with state and regional regulatory entities to obtain grant funding to study cumulative health risks affecting such areas.

    Policy HZ-3.3      Relocation of nonconforming residential units
    We pursue grant funding and other assistance to relocate residents living in residential units that are nonconforming uses in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas and to eliminate those nonconforming residential units.

    Policy HZ-3.4      Residential improvements
    We pursue grant funding and other assistance for rehabilitation and home improvements in conforming residential units in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.5      Hazardous waste facilities
    We do not permit new hazardous waste facilities to be developed in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.6      Contaminated water and soils
    We advocate for and coordinate with local and regional agencies in efforts to remediate or treat contaminated surface water, groundwater, or soils in or affecting unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.7      Well water testing
    In unincorporated environmental justice focus areas that are not served by public water systems, we seek funding to periodically test well water for contamination and, if warranted, recommend onsite treatment or other solutions.

    Policy HZ-3.8      Indoor air quality
    We educate and raise awareness in unincorporated environmental justice focus areas about indoor air quality, and we pursue grant funding for public health initiatives targeting asthma and other respiratory illnesses.

    Policy HZ-3.9      Public improvements
    Within unincorporated communities, we emphasize investments in public facilities, infrastructure, and services to benefit unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.10    Joint use recreation facilities
    We emphasize coordination efforts on joint use recreation facilities serving unincorporated environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.11    Community-desired improvements
    We may assist unincorporated environmental justice focus areas in establishing special funding and financing mechanisms to provide community-desired public facilities and services, recreational facilities, sidewalks and bike trails, and access to fresh and healthy food.

    Policy HZ-3.12    Notification
    We notify the public through the County website when applications are accepted for conditional use permits, changes in zoning, and Policy Plan amendments in or adjacent to environmental justice focus areas. We prepare public notices in the predominant language(s) spoken in the communities containing environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.13    Community stakeholders
    We identify and coordinate with key community stakeholders through advisory committees or other methods to increase public awareness and obtain timely community input concerning potential conditional use permits, changes in zoning, and amendments to the Policy Plan in or adjacent to environmental justice focus areas.

    Policy HZ-3.14    Applicant outreach
    In order for an application for a change in zoning or the Policy Plan on property in or adjacent to an environmental justice focus area to be deemed complete, we require applicants to conduct at least one public meeting for nearby residents, businesses, and property owners to obtain public input. The County will require additional public outreach if the proposed project changes substantively in use, scale, or intensity from the proposed project presented at previous public outreach meeting(s).

Cultural Resources Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Cultural Resources Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    Cultural resources provide both tangible and intangible links to the past. Such resources may include archaeological sites, sacred landscapes, historic buildings, and even culturally important plants and animals. These resources are valuable in that they can serve to recognize the diversity of our county’s many previous, current, and future inhabitants. Not only can a resource be a memorial to historical events and individuals, but it can also be an important object/place of modern cultural significance, as well as be something that will contribute to the continuance of a community’s cultural identity. Additionally, paleontological resources, which most commonly manifest as fossils related to animals, plants, and the ecosystem, provide great insight into our county’s past prior to human habitation. As such, it is vital that we find and implement culturally appropriate ways to preserve and conserve these resources, while also continuing to grow and develop in the unincorporated parts of our county.

  • Purpose

    The Cultural Resources Element:

    • Establishes direction on notification, coordination, and partnerships to preserve and conserve cultural resources.
    • Provides guidance on how new development can avoid or minimize impacts on cultural resources.
    • Provides direction on increasing public awareness and education efforts about cultural resources.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • Today’s generations are stewards of the county’s cultural history and are responsible for conserving it for future generations.
    • Preserving and celebrating cultural resources enhances our understanding of the world in which we live.
    • Cultural resources are valuable assets that attract visitors and support local businesses.


  • Goal CR-1 Cultural Resources

    Tribal cultural resources that are preserved and celebrated out of respect for Native American beliefs and traditions.

    Policy CR-1.1      Tribal notification and coordination.
    We notify and coordinate with tribal representatives in accordance with state and federal laws to strengthen our working relationship with area tribes, avoid inadvertent discoveries of Native American archaeological sites and burials, assist with the treatment and disposition of inadvertent discoveries, and explore options of avoidance of cultural resources early in the planning process.

    Policy CR-1.2      Tribal planning
    We will collaborate with local tribes on countywide planning efforts and, as permitted or required, planning efforts initiated by local tribes.

    Policy CR-1.3      Mitigation and avoidance.
    We consult with local tribes to establish appropriate project-specific mitigation measures and resource-specific treatment of potential cultural resources. We require project applicants to design projects to avoid known tribal cultural resources, whenever possible. If avoidance is not possible, we require appropriate mitigation to minimize project impacts on tribal cultural resources.

    Policy CR-1.4      Resource monitoring
    We encourage active participation by local tribes as monitors in surveys, testing, excavation, and grading phases of development projects with potential impacts on tribal resources.

  • Goal CRH-2 Historic and Paleontological Prehistoric Resources

    Historic resources (buildings, structures, or archaeological resources) and paleontological resources that are protected and preserved for their cultural importance to local communities as well as their research and educational potential.

    Policy CR-2.1      National and state historic resources
    We encourage the preservation of archaeological sites and structures of state or national significance in accordance with the Secretary of Interior’s standards.

    Policy CR-2.2      Local historic resources
    We encourage property owners to maintain the historic integrity of resources on their property by (listed in order of preference): preservation, adaptive reuse, or memorialization.

    Policy CR-2.3      Paleontological and archaeological resources
    We strive to protect paleontological and archaeological resources from loss or destruction by requiring that new development include appropriate mitigation to preserve the quality and integrity of these resources. We require new development to avoid paleontological and archeological resources whenever possible. If avoidance is not possible, we require the salvage and preservation of paleontological and archeological resources.

    Policy CR-2.4      Partnerships
    We encourage partnerships to champion and financially support the preservation and restoration of historic sites, structures, and districts.

    Policy CR-2.5      Public awareness and education
    We increase public awareness and conduct education efforts about the unique historic, natural, tribal, and cultural resources in San Bernardino County through the County Museum and in collaboration with other entities and organizations.

Renewable Energy & Conservation Element


This page is a placeholder for the Renewable Energy and Conservation Element (RECE), which was adopted in 2017 and amended in February 2019 and is not being updated through the Countywide Plan. The RECE will be incorporated in its entirety into the Countywide Plan upon its adoption.

  • Adopted Element

    A complete copy of the adopted Element, including the 2019 amendment, can be found at the link below.

    Renewable Energy & Conservation Element (amended 2019)

  • Approved Amendments

    UPDATE: Board of Supervisors adopts amendments

    On February 28, 2019, the Board of Supervisors voted to prohibit utility-oriented renewable energy development in the Rural Living land use district, currently adopted Community Plan areas, and other areas as determined in the Development Code update.

    Additional policy amendments were adopted regarding a focus on using existing energy generation sites and greater collaboration to encourage development of utility-oriented renewable energy generation facilities on public lands, apart from unincorporated communities.

    The adopted changes (see below) will be reflected in the Countywide Plan.  This webpage includes links to the amended element.

    The amendments became effective immediately upon adoption of the resolution.  Any application for development of a renewable energy generation project that had been accepted as complete in compliance with California Government Code Section 65943 before the effective date of the resolution is to be processed in compliance with the policies and regulations in effect at the time the application was accepted as complete. These applications may be relocated to other sites under the same policies and regulations.

    AMENDMENTS:  The text of the Renewable Energy and Conservation Element is hereby amended to add RE Policy 4.10, replace RE Policy 5.2, and add RE Policy 5.9 to read as follows:

    RE Policy 4.10:  Prohibit utility-oriented RE project development on sites that would create adverse impacts on the quality of life or economic development opportunities in existing unincorporated communities. Any exceptions or revisions to the following policy direction would require approval by the Board of Supervisors.

    RE 4.10.1: Prohibit development of utility-oriented RE projects in the Rural Living land use districts throughout the County.

    RE 4.10.2: Prohibit development of utility-oriented RE projects within the boundaries of existing community plans, which at the time of adoption of this Element are the Bloomington, Muscoy, Bear Valley, Crest Forest, Hilltop, Lake Arrowhead, Lytle Creek, Oak Glen, Homestead Valley, Joshua Tree, Lucerne Valley, Morongo Valley, Oak Hills and Phelan/Pinon Hills Community Plans.

    RE 4.10.3: Establish exclusion areas in the Development Code regulations for renewable energy development, beginning with the prohibitions in Policies 4.10.1 and 4.10.2 and provide for additional exclusion areas, such as new community plan areas, to be designated by amendment to the Development Code.

    RE Policy 5.2:  Utility-oriented RE generation projects on private land in the unincorporated County will be limited to the site-types below, in addition to meeting criteria established herein and in the Development Code:

    1. Private lands adjacent to the federal Development Focus Areas supported by the Board of Supervisors that meet siting criteria and development standards
    2. Waste disposal sites
    3. Mining sites (operating and reclaimed)
    4. Fallow, degraded and unviable agricultural lands
    5. Airports (existing and abandoned or adaptively re-used)
    6. Brownfields
    7. California Department of Toxic Substance Control Cleanup Program sites
    8. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act sites
    9. Sites within or adjacent to electric transmission and utility distribution corridors
    10. Existing energy generation sites
    11. Industrial zones proven to not conflict with economic development needs
    12. Other sites proven by a detailed suitability analysis to reflect the significantly disturbed nature or conditions of those listed above

    RE Policy 5.9:  Collaborate with utilities, the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to plan for RE generation facilities to be located on public lands, apart from existing unincorporated communities.

Natural Resources Element


UPDATED MAY 2019 | The Draft Natural Resources Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.


  • Introduction

    The county’s abundant natural resources are integral to our quality of life, community identities, and economic success. Natural resources include agricultural/grazing lands, watersheds, minerals, native plants and wildlife, and plant and wildlife habitat areas. Appropriately managed, they provide safe air and water for our people and the environment, improve the health of our residents and workers, attract visitors from around the world, and sustain the productivity of our local and national economies.

    The County maintains a regional system of parks and trails for the entire county. In the unincorporated areas, the County maintains some local park facilities with special district funding, and self-governing community service districts maintain other local park facilities. The County also sets standards and applies designations to preserve the varied scenic resources across the unincorporated lands.

    While air and water quality are largely regulated by regional, state, and federal agencies, the County applies standards set by and coordinates with such agencies, manages small public water systems, and provides permits for wells and septic systems. Similarly, the protection and conservation of biological resources is primarily regulated and controlled by state and federal agencies, with the County enforcing state and federal laws and participating in local and countywide efforts to promote biodiversity and healthy ecosystems.

    The County is the lead agency for mining activity on all private and public lands in unincorporated areas and facilitates the extraction of mineral resources while minimizing adverse effects on the environment and communities. Although the rich agricultural lands of the Valley region were long ago urbanized, the County promotes the preservation and continued viability of remaining agricultural resources and farming operations.

  • Purpose

    The Natural Resources Element:

    • Establishes policies that preserve and enhance the beauty and resiliency of our natural resources.
    • Provides guidance on coordinating with others to manage, conserve, and protect natural resources such as watersheds, wildlife habitat areas and corridors, and other natural and open space areas.
    • Promotes clean air and a supply of water for human consumption and the natural environment.
    • Supports the maintenance and enhancement of a countywide system of open space, parks, and recreation assets.
    • Provides guidance and support for mining operations and the preservation of viable agricultural and grazing lands.
    • Provides guidance on the location and distribution of new development to protect natural resources.
  • Principles

    We believe:

    • Effective preservation, management, and enhancement of natural resources will ensure their environmental and economical sustainability and resiliency.
    • Access to open space and vibrant natural resources improves public health and contributes significantly to the county’s overall economic vitality.
    • Improving air quality and ensuring access to clean and affordable drinking water will enhance the quality of life for our residents and attract continuing investment in residences and businesses.
    • The County’s primary role is to govern land use and establish development standards to ensure that new development has minimal impact on the natural environment in the unincorporated areas of the county.
    • The County has a responsibility to maintain and make available information on natural resources to enable property owners to be better stewards of the land and natural resources.


  • Goal NR-1 Air Quality

    Air quality that promotes health and wellness of residents in San Bernardino County through improvements in locally-generated emissions.

    Policy NR-1.1      Land use
    We promote compact and transit-oriented development countywide and regulate the types and locations of development in unincorporated areas to minimize vehicle miles traveled and greenhouse gas emissions.

    Policy NR-1.2      Indoor air quality
    We promote the improvement of indoor air quality through the California Building and Energy Codes and through the provision of public health programs and services.

    Policy NR-1.3      Coordination on air pollution
    We collaborate with air quality management districts and other local agencies to monitor and reduce major pollutants affecting the county at the emission source.

    Policy NR-1.4      Military coordination on air quality
    We collaborate with the military to avoid or minimize impacts on military training and operations from air pollution and haze.

    Policy NR-1.5      Sensitive land uses
    We consider recommendations from the California Air Resources Board on the siting of new sensitive land uses and exposure to specific source categories.

    Policy NR-1.6      Fugitive dust emissions
    We coordinate with air quality management districts on requirements for dust control plans, revegetation, and soil compaction to prevent fugitive dust emissions.

    Policy NR-1.7      Greenhouse gas reduction targets
    We strive to meet the 2040 and 2050 greenhouse gas emission reduction targets in accordance with state law.

    Policy NR-1.8      Construction and operations
    We invest in County facilities and fleet vehicles to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions. We encourage County contractors and other builders and developers to use low-emission construction vehicles and equipment to improve air quality and reduce emissions.

    Policy NR-1.9      Building design and upgrades
    We use the CALGreen Code to meet energy efficiency standards for new buildings and encourage the upgrading of existing buildings to incorporate design elements, building materials, and fixtures that improve environmental sustainability and reduce emissions.

  • Goal NR-2 Water Quality

    Clean and safe water for human consumption and the natural environment.

    Policy NR-2.1      Coordination on water quality
    We collaborate with the state, regional water quality control boards, watermasters, water purveyors, and government agencies at all levels to ensure a safe supply of drinking water and a healthy environment.

    Policy NR-2.2      Water management plans
    We support the development, update, and implementation of ground and surface water quality management plans emphasizing the protection of water quality from point and non-point source pollution.

    Policy NR-2.3      Military coordination on water quality
    We collaborate with the military to avoid or minimize impacts on military training and operations from groundwater contamination and inadequate groundwater supply.

    Policy NR-2.4      Wastewater discharge
    We apply federal and state water quality standards for wastewater discharge requirements in the review of development proposals that relate to type, location, and size of the proposed project in order to safeguard public health and shared water resources.

    Policy NR-2.5      Stormwater discharge
    We ensure compliance with the County’s Municipal Stormwater NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) Permit by requiring new development and significant redevelopment to protect the quality of water and drainage systems through site design, source controls, stormwater treatment, runoff reduction measures, best management practices, low impact development strategies, and technological advances. For existing development, we monitor businesses and coordinate with municipalities.

    Policy NR-2.6      Agricultural waste and biosolids
    We coordinate with regional water quality control boards and other responsible agencies to regulate and control animal waste and biosolids in order to protect groundwater and the natural environment.

  • Goal NR-3 Open Space, Parks, and Recreation

    A system of well-planned and maintained parks, trails, and open space that provides recreation opportunities for residents, attracts visitors from across the region and around the country, and preserves the natural environment.

    Policy NR-3.1      Open space preservation
    We regulate land use and coordinate with public and nongovernmental agencies to preserve open space areas that protect natural resources, function as a buffer against natural hazards or between land uses, serve as a recreation or tourist destination, or are central to the identity of an unincorporated community.

    Policy NR-3.2      Residential clustering
    We allow residential development to cluster housing units in order to reduce the consumption of undeveloped land, maximize the amount of open space, preserve natural resources, conform to natural topography/grade, and/or reduce exposure of structures to natural hazards.

    Policy NR-3.3      Management of designated areas
    We coordinate with public and nongovernmental agencies to sustainably manage and conserve land within or adjacent to locally-, state-, or federally-designated open space or resource conservation areas.

    Policy NR-3.4      Land exchange
    We coordinate with state and federal agencies to exchange publicly owned lands in order to provide additional areas for open space, recreation, and resource protection. We also request the right of first refusal on publicly owned lands made available for purchase to the public.

    Policy NR-3.5      Private conservation efforts
    We support nongovernmental organizations and private entities who purchase, own, maintain, and expand areas for conservation and preservation. We also support the voluntary transition of privately held lands within a larger boundary designated by the state or federal government for open space and resource conservation to public ownership.

    Policy NR-3.6      Regional park land
    We coordinate with other jurisdictions and agencies to provide regional park land. We prioritize the maintenance and improvement of existing County parks and trails over their expansion or creation of new facilities.

    Policy NR-3.7      Regional park revenue
    We generate revenues from County-owned parks and facilities to offset the costs of operation and maintenance. We may also coordinate with local jurisdictions and leverage other resources to support the maintenance and improvement of park and trail facilities.

    Policy NR-3.8      Regional trail system
    We coordinate with incorporated jurisdictions, state and federal agencies, and other regional and not-for-profit entities to maintain and improve a regional trail system. We prioritize the maintenance and improvement of the Santa Ana River Trail, followed by the creation of trails in unincorporated areas that connect to existing trails in incorporated areas and to state- and federally-maintained trails.

    Policy NR-3.9      Local parks, trails, and recreation
    We support the provision of local and community parks, trails, and recreational programs and facilities in unincorporated areas when a locally-approved funding and financing mechanism is established to pay for acquisition, construction, maintenance, and operations. We encourage unincorporated communities to apply for funding and cooperate with them in their funding applications for local trails that are identified in a non-motorized transportation plan that is accepted or adopted by the County. We also encourage, where feasible, local trails to be separated from vehicular traffic to improve the safety of trail users.

    Policy NR-3.10    Joint use facilities
    We promote the creation of joint use facilities for local parks and recreation programs through coordination with the County Flood Control District, local school districts, utilities, and other public agencies.

    Policy NR-3.11    Off-highway vehicle areas
    In areas under the County’s land use authority, we require new or expansion of existing commercial off-highway vehicle (OHV) areas to be situated and buffered to minimize effects on nearby residential uses, military activity, and environmentally sensitive areas.

    Policy NR-3.12   Rights-of-way and easements.
    We consider reserving portions of rights-of-way and easements found to be unnecessary for the ultimate buildout of roadways or flood control facilities for use as local pedestrian, bicycle, and/or equestrian trails.

  • Goal NR-4 Scenic Resources

    Scenic resources that highlight the natural environment and reinforce the identity of local communities and the county.

    Policy NR-4.1      Preservation of scenic resources
    We consider the location and scale of development to preserve regionally significant scenic vistas and natural features, including prominent hillsides, ridgelines, dominant landforms, and reservoirs.

    Policy NR-4.2      Coordination with agencies
    We coordinate with adjacent federal, state, local, and tribal agencies to protect scenic resources that extend beyond the County’s land use authority and are important to countywide residents, businesses, and tourists.

    Policy NR-4.3      Off-site signage
    We prohibit new off-site signage and encourage the removal of existing off-site signage along or within view of County Scenic Routes and State Scenic Highways.

  • Goal NR-5 Biological Resources

    An interconnected landscape of open spaces and habitat areas that promotes biodiversity and healthy ecosystems, both for their intrinsic value and for the value placed on them by residents and visitors.

    Policy NR-5.1      Coordinated habitat planning
    We participate in landscape-scale habitat conservation planning and coordinate with existing or proposed habitat conservation and natural resource management plans for private and public lands to increase certainty for both the conservation of species, habitats, wildlife corridors, and other important biological resources and functions and for land development and infrastructure permitting.

    Policy NR-5.2      Capacity for resource protection and management
    We coordinate with public and nongovernmental agencies to seek funding and other resources to protect, restore, and maintain open space, habitat, and wildlife corridors for threatened, endangered, and other sensitive species.

    Policy NR-5.3      Multiple-resource benefits
    We prioritize conservation actions that demonstrate multiple resource preservation benefits, such as biology, climate change adaptation and resiliency, hydrology, cultural, scenic, and community character.

    Policy NR-5.4      Off-base recovery efforts
    We coordinate with military installations to facilitate off-base recovery of threatened and endangered species and landscape-scale conservation.

    Policy NR-5.5      Mitigation and future responsibilities
    We require that new development satisfy habitat conservation responsibilities without shifting conservation responsibilities onto military property.

    Policy NR-5.6      Mitigation banking
    We support the proactive assemblage of lands to protect biological resources and facilitate development through private or public mitigation banking. We require public and private conservation lands or mitigation banks to ensure that easement and fee title agreements provide funding methods sufficient to manage the land in perpetuity.

    Policy NR-5.7      Development review, entitlement, and mitigation
    We comply with state and federal regulations regarding protected species of animals and vegetation through the development review, entitlement, and environmental clearance processes.

    Policy NR-5.8      Invasive species
    We require the use of non-invasive plant species with new development and encourage the management of existing invasive plant species that degrade ecological function.

  • Goal NR-6 Mineral Resources

    Mineral resource zones that allow extraction industries to continue supporting the regional and national economy while minimizing negative impacts on the public and natural environment.

    Policy NR-6.1      Mineral resource areas
    We prioritize the conservation of land area with mineral resources by prohibiting or discouraging development of land that would substantially preclude the future development of mining facilities in areas classified as Mineral Resource Zone (MRZ) 2a, 2b, or 3a.

    Policy NR-6.2      Mining operations and reclamation
    We require and monitor mineral extraction activities to ensure that the operation and reclamation of mined lands is consistent with the State Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1975 (SMARA).

    Policy NR-6.3      Conservation of construction aggregate
    We encourage the continued operation of existing mining facilities and streamline the permitting of new mining facilities (consistent with the Policy Plan and other local, state, and federal regulations) to establish aggregate resources that are sufficient to satisfy 50 years of County demand.

  • Goal NR-7 Agriculture and Soils

    The ability of property owners, farmers, and ranchers to conduct sustainable and economically viable agricultural operations.

    Policy NR-7.1      Protection of agricultural land
    We protect economically viable and productive agricultural lands from the adverse effects of urban encroachment, particularly increased erosion and sedimentation, trespass, and non-agricultural land development.

    Policy NR-7.2      Preservation of important farmlands.
    We require project applicants seeking to develop 20 or more acres of farmland (classified as prime, of statewide importance, or unique farmland) to non-agricultural uses to prepare an agricultural resource evaluation prior to project approval. The evaluation shall use generally accepted methodologies to identify the potentially significant impact of the loss of agricultural land as well as the economic viability and sustainability of future agricultural use of the property, including long-term sustainability and economic viability of water resources. If the conversion is deemed significant, the County shall require mitigation at a 1:1 ratio of converted to preserved acreage through conservation easements, payment of its valuation equivalent if a fee mitigation program is established, or inclusion in a regional agricultural preservation program.

    Policy NR-7.3      Conservation and preservation incentives
    We support programs and policies that provide tax and economic incentives to conserve existing productive agricultural lands or preserve farmland classified as prime, of statewide importance, unique, or of local importance. We support landowners in establishing new and maintaining existing California Land Conservation (Williamson Act) contracts.

    Policy NR-7.4      Economic diversity of farm operations
    We encourage farm operations to strengthen their economic viability through diversifying potential sources of farm income and activity, including value added products, agricultural tourism, roadside stands, organic farming, and farmers markets.

    Policy NR-7.5      Agriculture on Rural Living and Open Space properties.
    We permit small-scale, non-water-intensive, and incidental agricultural on properties designated for Rural Living. In the Oak Glen and Mentone community planning areas, we also permit commercial-scale agriculture on properties designated for Rural Living. In the Oak Glen and Mentone community planning areas and in the Crafton Hills, we also permit commercial-scale agriculture on privately-owned properties designated for Open Space.

    Policy NR-7.6      Sustainable grazing practices.
    We require all grazing on open rangelands to be compatible with the conservation of threatened and endangered species.