The Draft Tribal & Historic Resources Element of the Countywide Plan (CWP) is presented for public review as a beta version of the web-based Policy Plan. Graphics, photos, and search functionality are in development and will be included in subsequent releases of the web-based Policy Plan.
INTRO, PURPOSE, & PRINCIPLES
Tribal and historic resources provide both tangible and intangible links with our historic and prehistoric past. These resources are valued as symbols of our shared history and collective identity, as recognition of our county’s first inhabitants, as memorials to historical events and individuals, and for their scientific, educational, and economic importance.
It is vital that we find ways to preserve and conserve these resources while continuing to grow and develop in the unincorporated parts of our county. This includes the preservation of paleontological resources most commonly manifested as fossils related to animals, plants, and the ecosystem of the world since life first arose.
We must also preserve and conserve the history of our people, which began with the varied Native American tribes that settled in the county thousands of years ago, continued with the arrival of several new cultures starting in the late 1700s, and carries on through today. Examples of historic resources include sites, buildings, and structures connected to important events and people. Tribal resources include artifacts and remains set within a physical and spiritual context of places, settings, and natural features. Although part of our collective history, tribal resources are addressed through a distinct goal and set of policies out of respect for their cultures and heritage.
The Tribal & Historic Resources Element:
- Establishes direction on notification, coordination, and partnerships to preserve and conserve tribal and historic resources.
- Provides guidance on how new development can avoid or minimize impacts on tribal and historic resources.
- Provides direction on increasing public awareness and education efforts about tribal and historic resources.
- Today’s generations are stewards of our collective cultural history and are responsible for conserving it for future generations.
- Preserving and celebrating our cultural and historic resources enhances our understanding of the world in which we live.
- Tribal and historical resources are valuable assets that attract visitors and support local businesses.
GOALS & POLICIES
Goal CH-1 Tribal Resources
Tribal resources that are preserved and celebrated out of respect for Native American beliefs and traditions.
Policy CH-1.1 Tribal notification and coordination
We notify and coordinate with tribal representatives in accordance with state and federal laws to strengthen our working relationship with area tribes, avoid inadvertent discoveries of Native American burials, determine the treatment and disposition of burials inadvertently discovered, and to preserve the options of avoidance of cultural resources or preservation in place early in the planning process.
Policy CH-1.2 Tribal planning
We will collaborate with local tribes on countywide planning efforts and, as permitted or required, planning efforts initiated by local tribes.
Policy CH-1.3 Mitigation and avoidance
We consult with local tribes to establish and update appropriate standard mitigation measures and treatment of potential cultural resources. We require project applicants to design projects to avoid known tribal resources, whenever possible. If avoidance is not possible, we require appropriate mitigation to minimize project impacts on tribal resources.
Policy CH-1.4 Resource monitoring
We encourage active participation by local tribes as monitors in surveys, testing, excavation, and grading phases of development projects with potential impacts on tribal resources.
Goal CH-2 Historic and Prehistoric Resources
Historic, prehistoric, archaeological, and paleontological resources that are protected and preserved for their cultural importance to local communities as well as their research and educational potential.
Policy CH-2.1 National and state historic resources
We encourage the preservation of historic and prehistoric sites and structures of state or national significance in accordance with the Secretary of Interior Standards for Historic Rehabilitation.
Policy CH-2.2 Local historic resources
We encourage property owners to maintain the historic integrity of resources on their property by (listed in order of preference): preservation, adaptive reuse, or memorialization.
Policy CH-2.3 Paleontological and archaeological resources
We protect paleontological and archaeological resources from loss or destruction by requiring that new development include appropriate mitigation to preserve the quality and integrity of these resources. We require new development to avoid paleontological and archeological resources whenever possible. If avoidance is not possible, we require the salvage and preservation of paleontological and archeological resources.
Policy CH-2.4 Partnerships
We encourage partnerships to champion and financially support the preservation and restoration of historic sites, structures, and districts.
Policy CH-2.5 Public awareness and education
We increase public awareness and conduct education efforts about the unique historic, natural, tribal, and cultural resources in San Bernardino County through the County Museum and in collaboration with other entities and organizations.